Half of the world's people live around asia's south and eastern coast Belts
so China's BRI.school has been putting
every effort -it and technologists at the UN can mobilise - into helping southern asians make as mush out of their coasts's
world trade oppportunities for sustainabiloity goals as its peoples do with the east coastal belt
meet the Digital
Cooperation report leaders assembled by Gutterres out of UN - 2019 Diary includes- version 1 report march 2019
debriefings with 100 national leaders of Belt Road Summit Beijing April 2019;
co-creative bankers brainstorming with 100 banking
delegations at AIIB 2019 hosted by Luxembourg June 2019 ...
the emperor takes sustainability goals very seriouyly - which other nation's leaders can say that?
Feature on Bangladesh as world's number 1 nation empowering village women to end poverty
From ten years of sponosring 10
graduate journalitss to visit Bangladesh and helping adam smith scholars in Glashow publish 20000 total print run of the journal of social business, we wish to clarify what can be learnt from Bangladesh's first 47 years of building the 8th most populous nation starting
from the world's least resources little other than extraordinarily courageous village womens networking
village means no access to elecricty grids or other infrstructure grids (sanitation or water pipes, roads etc) . In most cases
it does not mean distant from other communities as Bangladesh is the most densely populated of rural nations. After independence
the government was so poor that an informal agreement was reached. The government would largely focus on cities- and invited
grassroots networks to find development partners for serving the villages. This was desperately urgent work- most of country
had been flattened by the war of independence, a cyclone had killed half a million people in one part of the nation, and in
1974 a famine caused the death of up to a millin people mainly mothers and children. By cultutal tradition almost all village
women had to stay in the villages.
Whilst a lot of development experiunents and programs have occurred Bangaldesh, two
village girls empowerment networks stand out brac and grameen. Each scaled through millions of members- mothers of vilage
families who learnt to run income generating businesses in the form of microfranchises. In the service economy, a service
that is consistely replicated in many locations is a franchise. Typically the owner collects profits from the franchisees.
While franchisees also make money , the value that stays in the local communities is (much) less than if the frachisee owner
took none of the money out. We define microfranchise to be in every way as affectivive, efficienty and expamdable as other
ftanchises but one in which the purpose is to retain all or sunstially all of the value whgere the service is provided. Applications
where substainally all makes sense include when the fvranvchsie needs to profgressively innovate perhaps because the service
involves technolgy or where replicating trhe service in (poorer) locations that may need it most requires cross-subsidisation.
Furthermore the entrepreneurial brillaince needed so that the service consistenly offers customers and societies valyue and
quality is often more than any other entrepreneurial endeavor. So it is sensible that the owner and where relevant technolgists
or others who progress the whole marketing system make a good living but while the whole system should always be generating
a surplus so that there are no roisks of it collasping, it is agreed that the purspoe being maximised is livelihood creation
or the communal solution needed to end poverty or advance local sustainability. Nowhere in the world emulated Bangladesh in
the scale and variety of microfranchises out of such minimal resources that were designed between 1972 and 1996. Moreover
the fact that practically all the microfranchises were operated by women makes this the number 1 case in the wprld for women
develpoping one of the 10 most populated nations. What happened in 1996 is that some technologies including mobile and microsolar
were brought to bangladesh by experimental partners. Grasrrots networks where everything had required person to nperson action
learning would start to chnage where eg mobile apps were either part of the service or part of the training of being a microfranchisee.
What this meant is that studying 21st century development of Bangladesh as a development benchmark that the rest of the world
could learn from was no longer always as simple as goes to Bangladesh to see how the whole network is built. In the casse
of the first mobile phone ladies that grameen pioneered , technology partners included the global mobile operator telnor fron
Norway and the origniation of village phones as an end poverty intervention which came from the Quadirs, Bnagladeshi American
Disapora, whose innovation hub was grown out of MIT with funding support ftrom Dubai's Legatum.
For thise few years
of 20th C what Bangladesh was using mobiles to innovate was gamechanging in the whole development world. Even China had not
invented mobile as integral to developing the solutions a nation's poorest and other most disconnnected peoples. It would
apear that the first personal phone market in China began in 1992 and was briefly fixed line but the technolgy of mobile came
in time for wealthier coastal parts of China to leap almost straight to mobile. Global providers raced for huge contracts
in these most profitable rgions if China. It was left mainly to the heroic Huawei to help poorer inland regions of China liknked
into telecoms too.
Historically Grameen was founded and lead by arguably the greatest storyteller
the developing world has seen in modern times- Dr Muhammad Yunus who is also fierecly independent; BRAC is led by Fazle Abed
who is arguably the most cooperative eg BRAC has become the wrld's largest NGO partnership. . In the table below
we try ro review Dr unus top 10 dreams and any news of outcomes