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260th year of adam smith alumni valuing youth and machines
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Play The Games of World Record Jobs creators: Entrepreneurial Revolution
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imagine how different peoples industrial revolution could have been with adam smith
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Leon Botstein, Soros and other greatest educators of sdg generation
zoom to tele-education -post corona world
do you know how to value 3-dimensional economics- of globe, of 200 nations, of top 50 categories
whats new and old about 75th year of learning how to Unite Nations
OSUN first global university empowering sdg generation coalitions
fazle abed and a billion people's favorite education network
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Agricultural/Rural economics- blunders and freedoms
ten to follow in india
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will your city change more in 2020s than in last 50 years?
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#newEconforum EconomistAsia.net EconomistAfrica.com ...
what if teachers were valued more than economists
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what's cashless banking? examineless education?
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future of education & half the world
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mapping how communications revolution would destroy industrial era rules
50 years of english language economies destroying humanity
corporate valuation : environmental ai
Mapping India's 17 most exciting races
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show me education -end standard exams
valuing war & peace- sustainability & goals uniting billions of families
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youth places win-win currency
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2019 Geneva to honor huawei and top 20 of made in the internet
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18th annual update of hubsworld
happy 2019- 2'oclock rock on stopping extinction of species
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10 times more economical health care 1984-2025
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AI round the world
50 years mapping why sustainability needs East to be in top 2 all AI markets by 2025
what if AI world's robots were programmed by Trump?
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world record job creators before moon landing
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China Capitalism - How Women & Youth were asked to Change www sustainability
supernation economics valuetrue maths crisis: nature values geo & eco systems more than humans
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Love & Sustainability: NormanMacrae.net remembered by son and grandddaughter
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#BR2 South Asia's Coastal Belt
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questions on NY's AI Now Report
where can people chat seriously about youth livelihoods
how to help next 2 years of research of world record jobs
what supercities does a nation need to sustain fifth of world people and worldwide youth
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Game- choose 5 co-leaders to sustain mother earth
DigitalCooperation- Sustainability Youth World Trade Flight Map
Did positive world trade mapping end with silk road 500 years ago
Can the old world save america's new world
Why women dont see g7 nations as leading sustainability solutions
Where do gov value young technologists most
Case 1 learning from world's largest livelihood educator and cashless bnaker
Sports Arts top 10 non-sustainable market
Will USA lose First 100 Nations of Sustainability Status?
#BR1 East of China &
Do you know the 10 most disastrous mistakes macroeconomists can make
universe of world record jobs and sustainability
#BR6 #TheEconomist do americans want to save humans from extinction?
#BR10 latin america
#BR9
news blockchain & edu belt road
stories developing for new uni alibabauni and arcticuni ...
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#br3 #theeconomist russia what if america's politicians and media wasted last third of century
LoveQ
Prince Charles
Can Artificials win-win with human Intelligences
its not social unless its 51% social
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youth's tech glossary to 2023 (2000 times moore e- than 1946)
sustainability2019-2020- linkin 1000 times moore rising suns with japan
50 shades of green
Mapping Sustainabililty WWW 1946-2030
?Mapping 3 millennia of world trade
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Nobel Dr Yunus did not invent banking for the poor, what he did do...
MICES- Map-Integrate-Community-Economics-Sustainability
How English Failed Democracy's FInal Exam 2 Centuries in a Row
Guide to 4000 times Moore tech era of WorldRecordJobs Creators
worldfirstu.com tsinghua &
unctad dialogue
Yunus top 10 concepts - what to learn, what not to copy?
Was JFK last president to explore how to SME every possible value chain
education's 3 greatest jobs creators
Do you know how to map world trade routes?
How about Soros & Francis & Kim if your politicians ban ending poverty with Asian Girl Power
Place branding- how singapore rose to top of class as US. EU bottomed
which markets will sustainability 30000 most vital solutions come from
Norman Macrae Economist's view of why 21st C needs to get happier and happier
alibababauni.com alumni clubs
The United Nations of Girls
Jobs Belt Roads Top 13
What is Sustainability?
17 goals of SDG nations - or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5
BENT - did Americans Lose IT?
news from china *and delas " which we dont quite understand yet
Studying Bangladesh - Economists' and Sustainability's Greatest MIracle
10 most exciting developments students 2018-2019
pro-youth financial genius -Rumee Ali
pro-youth banking 2012) and jobs education (2017)
Which of 7 Belt Road Movements are you Mapping
Asian Research Future of Education
2020s to 1945 5G 4G 3G 2G 1G 0G Moon 60s UN1945
Technology leapfrogging and the end of poverty
Is it possible to sustain planet earth without west's g7 nations?
what were the 2 world wars really about? freedom to trade...
Shall we design markets for 10 billion, 3 bn or zero people?
learn from most conscious network in girls world
MIT Matech US-East
Mapping Economics of Ports & Railroads & Digital
Livelihood Education Open Space
Global Uni of Poverty - why SDgirls value china's BAT not US FAG
brac 49 years of 7 by 7 webs of ngo world partners
Privatization - good, bad, terribly no-sustainable?
Cost of Girls True News
alibabauni.com
Wang Jianlin
BRi.school why under 30s need to value boats & trains more than cars and planes
My favorite europe university east of glasgow is in mortal danger?
Who's Afraid of Diversity of 195 nations
economy of billion poorest girls - bangla &
economies where mass thrives, do no evil to poorest, east belt road economy since 1950
economics of sports and SDGirls.net
amy space
what scottish economists actually said
WRJC Missionaries Impossible
top 8 job creators jinping, pope francis, sir fazle, jack ma, jae-in &
Brac's curriculum - of how girls built 8th most populated nation on trust and love
BELT - mapping future of places if youth are to be sustainable everywhere in 21st C
welcome to AI sustainability trade mapping BELTUSASIA,com
marketing's new ;playbook
lessons from first 3000 US alumni trained by jack ma gateway17.com detroit
New York Sept 2018 - Is teaching sustainability possible?
g20 argentina summit july 2018
100 cities -sustainability's last call
belts 65 industrial zones- exploring links to jobs, tech hubs and learning exchanges
survey - where are the world's favorite coding schools
help quarterbilliongirls.com draft urgent request to world bank jim kim
Optimistic reasons 2018's sustainbility summits will leap to changing education round 3 bn new jobs
ObamaUni #TheEconomist
Feb 2018 par 1/6 months girlsnchnage education at United Nations
imagine if media was used for youth to debate top 7 job creators
alibabauni.com why BAT is not FAG
Mastermind Quiz- saving human race from extinction 2030-1946
History's WRJC including Gandhi Marx Smith Keynes &
can education help youth save humanity from extinction?
who do you know - world record job creators or destroyers?
100 years of reporting the market for poverty alleviation
2019-2020 Beijing Belt Road Forum 2 May 2019; Japan G20 and Alibaba Olympics
2018 year that india and china raced to end poverty : together!
Celebrating East West South North- What 3.5 billion elders Can do in next 1461 days
aiib 2018 mumbai june
WISE@UNGA 2018 september new york
4.5A - changing education
trade maps - development of peoples by goodwill (health) and finance (wealth)
do you know joyful stories of sustainability gen's students and teachers
3 new banking summits: aiib mumbai, sco qingdao , brics joburg
3 WISE SUMMITS - Accra May, UN New York Sept, Paris March 2019
Ali Baba - TOP 5 ECONOMY OF 21st C
WRJCbook not facebook
ngo rankings by friends of norman macrae foundation
entrepreneur military
Exciting Development Economists - Norman Macrae
whathappened USA
13 years left for 3.5 bn explorers of sustainability 2.0
is diesel one of the dirtiest of energies?
Belt up 9 regions
top 5 micro word trade platforms for creating 3 billion news jobs for under 30s
lessons from lessons from 80 country club redesigning investment banks round green infrastructure
who's who of celebrating end of tv ad age
how south korea is pullin all stops out to be china's best supporter of sustainability generation
characters at aiib 2017 include
we4summit.com
East's 70 years of amazing development economic models
exploring the world's history and future through eyes of young chinese ladies & auld scottish allies
fast changing question - who can finance humanity's life critical goals?
explore young world's top 25 job creating platforms
dearclimate.com
how can everyone build the most valuable idea the world has ever heard of
year 34 of why not free trade with russian people
un year of ecotourism
4th grade Girl's 20 stories of futures worthy of human race
is cnn destroying its value
rejuventaion of media - why youth alumni of happy east will sustain humanity, dismal west wont
chinese millennials -sustainability half billion lead storytellers
world cultural entrepreneur - who?
100 days -- 1/14.6 #TheEconomist
what is the future of retail?
How to design 3 billion new jobs around youth
#youthtech - worldwide brand charter search by Baltimore
world's most valuable question- which markets are good for all the peoples?
2020,2019,2018 = now!
west baltiimore - the most collaborative urban city space for sustainability (goal 11)
Sustaining fully employed youth and 100$ graduate degrees
Conscious Post Its
why parents need to mentor kids in email curriculum k-12
Can world's biggest broken system be fixed? - yes only with mass collaboration
The Games of World Record Job Creation
how to value partners
10* jinping and other world record place leaders
1* Jack Ma
where is #learninggeneration going to and coming from?
future history sustainability #1461
8* Muhammad Yunus
which corporations/sectors are making education their main corporate responsibility
America's number 1 crisis - antisocial media -god bless us
What would world miss if JYK hadnt existed 2012-2022?
HOwen OPEN space
Alumni of Gandhi/Mandela
Emperor Hirohito ( Showa ) One of Greatest Leaders ever by Norman Macrae
Newest branches of POP - West Africa 014, Vatican 013, World Bank 012
the most valuable satellite guided learning tour - sustaining 7 billion being's community nursing
Grassroots rural networks save the world
Diary of YunusBrand.com , YunusOlympics.com and myUNuslab
When are Bono's Pop Stars On Song in Claiming investing 10% in Agriculture best way to end poverty
Exponential Goals
44th annual newsletter of elearning millennials and job creation started at The Economist
Comparing world bank #2030now structure wit other millennials world class end poverty networks
business models
bottom up pieces of solar, and linksin to future of green finance
bangla economic miracle lesson 1 first trillion dollar audit of a sustainable nation is healthcare
valuing millennials
Help curate Soros ineteconomic invitation to millennials to rethink economics and open society
inbox; could the next 5 years of elearning make or Break our human RACE
Game 1 Top 10 Open Universities that value youth most?
valuetrue search for most human value of internet
Saving Youth - Top 100 Videos to Viralise
brac.tv: people i wish i had introduced the poor world's greatest jobs creator to
searching bookworm
Blank page
20 classes -cataloguing frames of partners in publishing world record job creation
Why nature will not sustain human species unless act now on biggest mistakes economists made Q3 C21
Which brand most collaboratively values millennials goals to 2030?
will partnerships of catholic universities be first to free business curriculum 21st women and youth
Course World Record Job Creators -by friends of The Economist's Macrae's Net Generation's Heroes
Leapfrogging curriculum- humanity's greatest value multiplying revolution
MillennialHealth Curriculum - next half billion jobs
Dont you just love economics and media? aka jobs and the curriculum of youth economics
1758 birth of moral viewpoint of economics as social action
Will enough Under 35 year olds know how to map goodwill value chains for 21st to sustain human race?
Mindset's Great Escape: elders economics war on youth
Curriculum of safe community banking
Curriculum of The Web as I envisaged it, we have not seen it yet. The future is still so much bigger
Diary of when/where youth can linkin to sustain world
2030 curriculum of Gandhi
youthworldbanking.com - year 14 of gossiping good news of OMAGINE
Nobel Peace Summit Curriculum Competition
curriculum of washington dc - worst of best pro-youth capital
socialbusiness.tv
Conscious Capitalism $64 Trillion Dollar Curriculum - Purpose of Hi-Trust banking 99% of humans need
Who was missing from cast of first social good summit-mooc?
9 minute mooc - youth futures depend on whether ceos sustain or destroy value chains
Which trillion dollar markets have even one ceo leading best for youth futures
debates with big funders of end poverty schemes
will media barons ever learn to value connections between likes and dislikes?
The Future History of Social Business Since 1976
how does conscious capitalism relate to valuetrue exchange
VT & collaboration entrepreneur revolution of micrifranchies and bottom-up value chain mapping
VT and the compound risks of unseen wealth
The Economist & Bangladesh - VT & 1976's 2 great calls for wholeplanet redesign of 21st C systems :
3 most important metrics of pro-youth economics: goodwill, sustainability, transparency
Book Introduction to economics of youth
chris macrae linkedin
old grameen.tv
old grameeneconomics.com
old yunusworld.com
UNwomens - 10 years of leapfroging - bangladesh paradise lost?
#BR0 China & #TheEconomist
#BR9 Africa #theeconomist economistafrica.com
#BR3 Russia #BR4 East Europe #TheEconomist
#BR7 Middle East #TheEconomist
#BR11 Arctic Belt Road
Will Americans lost First 100 Sustainability Nations Status
Dear Parents - do you want children to still be born in 4 generations time?
Can geneva sustain the world
leon botstein and greatest educators of sdg youth
Leon Botstein and greatest educators of sdg generation

100millionjobcrisis - YouTube 

► 3:42► 3:42
Alexa Traffic Rank for youtube.com: 3www.youtube.com/watch?v=qV4Xs1YgwUwSep 23, 2009 - 4 min - Uploaded by microeconomist
Mobile Planet's Center of Entrepreneurial Revolution?by cmacrae280 views ...

nity's 70 years can we use trillion times more tech tp go post indutrial

post carbon

and post colonial-  he root caiuse of the world wars was the 4 centiry colonial era in which mainly 8 nations representing less than an eight opf the wprld’s population had got big by colonizing  most of the rest of humanity including the 60% of people who are Asians

 5G humansAI 2020s 

Schwarzman: MIT Tsinghua oxford

Maso Son the benchmark partnership investmentfund in ai 

Schwab: weforum , IR4 hubs, 300 youth global shapers hubs- annual twin summits geneva region and china

Abe mediated japan g20in 2109 round 4 urgent agendas and sub-branded the goals of society 5.0 and osaka track of digital reg

guterres- coordinatir of 196 nations sdgs - through many moving parts : trade and healthgeneva, refugees, youth digital cooperation: hundreds of trillion dollarsgap between the sdgs and the way financial markets are run

Nhk and cgtn English journalists

aisingapore.org  schools curriculu8m of AI fitting legacy to greatest 6 million superport nation builder lee kuan yew

Yo yo ma arts hub of kissinger's china american friends network co-founded with the late great IM Pei chinese american architect of the pyramid gateway to Louvre Paris

Indonesian leader (apec singapore asean -the region that celebrates its cultural diversity) Diary Nov 2019 -how do asean humans ,ap with G20

 0G 1970s & earlier 

1970s Gordon moore fazle abed kissinger lee kuan yew drucker olsen

 

Before yoko ono and imagine

  Borlaug, jfk, von neumann, deming, brilliant

Attenborough & Palin

Container ports innovator

 

Japan Emperor family Prince Charles Family Akio Morita  Keirestsu Toyota

 

Gandhi and montessori 

Note to joyful humans who we’d love to see contribute to this catalogue-: we are interested in travel tours to world record job creators everywhere but the Asian edition has inspired my family’s and friends networks logically since 1945, practically since 1962. Here’s why.

Noramn became a lournalust at The Economist which had been started in 1843 by another diaspora scot James Wilson whose goal was to inspire queen Victoria nad london’s high societies to go beyond slave-making empire and celebrate commonwealth. After 15 years working at The Economist’s head office in London St James dad was allowed to spnd one mponth a year doing a survey of any cpuntry he chose . His first surver 1962 considered Japan – he fpund engineering and technology that was ahead of the wprld making japan the faytsest growing nation of the time. Dad also brough back a pocket calculator from Jpan- his first articfial intellignec debate what if every chold and teacher had one of those. For staisticians previousl confined to s.ide rulers or log tables that was an exiting question. Soon two much more exciting ai questions were viralising around the world.  

 

 


 4G 2010s Chapter 3 2010s jack and pony ma  -non bank digital payments

 

Xi jinping

Ito

Musk

Kai-Fu Lee

Founder Airbnb uber …

pope francis 

Jin and jin

Rwanda leader

Founder wework and babel

 IG 1980s 

 

 gates jobs bermers lee torbaulds

yunus

csik 

lech walesa and pope john paul 

 Kalam Nilekani founders dubai

 

Samsung chaeobol

Ka-Shing

Soros  (gorbachev walesa)

 


 3G 2000s  jerry yang

legatum 

abdul latif

Russian founder google (search R&D networks android)

Clouds become baisis for big data small platforms

Mo Ibrahim – Kenya Ingrid munro mpesa

Li (baidu) and Lee (MI)

Steve Jobs part 2 smartphone

Bezos part 2 from number 1 channel across us commerce to more eg space

Bill Gates part 2- coordinator of 64 billion dollar parnter foundation 

Arm founder Cambridge

satoshi an alternative to politicians sub prime paper currencies

 2G 1990s

mandela



 quadir

jim kim  and paul farmer

mamohan singh negrpronte ren zhenfei

 

Bezos

Leonsis & Case

 Mike Lazaridis and Douglas Fregin blackberry

Ervin László  cl.ub budapest
 
.

journal notes form 10 vists to beijing 2016-19 -debates hosted by president xi included
 
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 1  ; palace: global

 

 

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palace: korea

 

Japan Rising Sun and Reiwa webs 

   P:estonia e1 

 p: canada  1

 

 p: Bahrain 

 p: africa

 

  p:vietnam Oz O1  
 scmp diarywhich of 2017's belt road mapmakers are continuing sdg journey - 1. We, President Xi Jinping of the People's Republic of China, President Mauricio Macri of the Republic of Argentina, President Alexander Lukashenko of the Republic of Belarus, President Michelle Bachelet Jeria of the Republic of Chile, President Milos Zeman of the Czech Republic, President Joko Widodo of the Republic of Indonesia, President Nursultan Nazarbayev of the Republic of Kazakhstan, President Uhuru Kenyatta of the Republic of Kenya, President Almazbek Atambayev of the Kyrgyz Republic, President Bounnhang Vorachith of the Lao People's Democratic Republic, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte of the Republic of the Philippines, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation, President Doris Leuthard of the Swiss Confederation, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of the Republic of Turkey, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev of the Republic of Uzbekistan, President Tran Dai Quang of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, Prime Minister Hun Sen of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Prime Minister Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama of the Republic of Fiji, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras of the Hellenic Republic, Prime Minister Orbán Viktor of Hungary, Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni of the Italian Republic, Prime Minister Najib Razak of Malaysia, Prime Minister Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat of Mongolia, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Prime Minister Beata Szydło of the Republic of Poland, Prime Minister and President-elect Aleksandar Vučić of the Republic of Serbia, President of the Government Mariano Rajoy Brey of the Kingdom of Spain, and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, attended the Leaders Roundtable of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation on 15 May 2017 in Beijing. We also welcome the participation of Secretary General Antonio Guterres of the United Nations, President Jim Yong Kim of the World Bank Group, Managing Director Christine Lagarde of the International Monetary Fund. The Leaders Roundtable was chaired by President Xi Jinping of the People's Republic of China.               

.

economistdiary.com trilliondollaraudit.com 10 joy economies U all - 10 loveq 9 arts4all, 8 health4all 7nutrition, 6 everyone's a skills teacher, 5 safe community, 4 greenenergy, 3 cleanwater, 2 trade4all:bri.school, 1Yoko imagine 2000 moon races earth's peoples

 

WHAT SUSTAINABILITY FUTURES DO YOU VALUE MOST? DECADE OF humanAI: By end of 2020s one trillion times moore COmtech than moon race of 1960s will determine whether our species orbits off to extinaction or communities thriving everywhere..

 EconomistAmerica.com - who values youth moore? Ma, Bezos Musk Case Gates

 Who value poorest vilage girls most? Sir Fazle Abed  Borlaug Co-creators of Oral Rehytdration  - barefoot medics (s china 1970s)

Leap to G3-G4 Fazle Abed www.blash.com partners of world largest NGTO Quadirs at MIT with Mpesa coders kenya with

gates foundation with Jack Ma networks supported by Japan Maso-San and Taiwan America Jerry Yang 


 

2015 Borlaug Dialogue


how can youth use arts/fashions to reviralise every community and

maxisise crafts value and joy of community in every celebrity value chaineconomistarts.jpg

why not fringe olympics with expos like edinburgh fringed its world famlous festival? why not www.singforhope.org in every capital city - if jack ma can cteate 40000 local fashion agents in tabao ecommerce , why cant every village be celebrated as home to smart and gracious youth; there's a lot of chat about internt of things but6 etextile values internet of people - see etextile founder 

Simple, beautiful & ad-free. Read the manifesto: ello.co/manifesto

 

 Who is concerned with AI-G5 tech 2020s impact on most of the world's people's sustainability? More than half of world's

families with girls depend on trade and tech around south and east asian coastal belts


 

 

 

 which countries inter-generations still have most to give back across hempispheres after 400 yeasr of empire economics climaxing in 2 world wars?

economisteurope.com invites parents, youth to ask can we end legacy of empire in time to sustain C21 is there any point6 to 

English as a top 4 world language with coding mother tongue and a pictrorial asian language unless its reconciling cultural conflicts spiralled by britnnnia ruling waves 


 which counyry is top- botyh in human capital and funding huiman AI thorugh G20s most urgent www goals


 

    

 



 
 NAD Macrae

2010 The Economist hosts first Macrae remembrance party; yunus and macrae co-publish considerbangladesh

myunus.JPG 

 



List of Attendees 5th annual CGB (web  twitter  ) Beijing 
wanghuiyao(in alphabetical order by surname)

Amitav Archaya YoutubeCGTN  T Distinguished Professor of International Relations of American University Bethseda (Confirmed) beyond west as monopoly theorist of intl relations -cf wrj 
mahbubani


H.E. Edward Boateng 1 2, Ambassador of Ghana to China 15 bn fund  6500 ghana studdents in chian

Andrew Brownetw Editorial Director, Bloomberg New Economy Forum -see nov 20-22 event


 Cao Degan 1, Director-General of Heren Charitable Foundation x china first .5bn fn; Former Deputy Governor of Fujian Province sb model -Charity Academy at Nanjing University,China Foundation for Poverty Alliance.

Chen Chi, CEO and Co-Founder of Xiaozhu.com (Confirmed)
Chen Dingding, Professor of International Relations at Jinan University (Confirmed)
Chen Jian, Former Vice Minister of Commerce, CCG Advisor (Confirmed) 
Chen Deming, Former Minister of Commerce, President of MOFCOM China Association of Enterprises with Foreign Investment (CAEFI); CCG Honorary Chair (Confirmed)
Ronnie Chan, Chairman of Hang Lung Properties; CCG Co-Chair (Confirmed)
Chen Wenling, Chief Economist of China Center for International Economic Exchange (CCIEE), CCG Expert Advisor (Confirmed)
Giuseppe Crocetti, Chief of Mission, International Organization for Migration (IOM) (Confirmed)
Nick Coyle, CEO & Executive Director, AustCham Beijing (Confirmed)
Cui Fan, Professor at University of International Business and Economics (UIBE); CCG Nonresident Senior Fellow (Confirmed) 
Cui Mingmo, President of China Association for International Economic Cooperation (CAFIEC) (Confirmed)
Wendy Cutler, Vice President of Asia Society Policy Institute (ASPI) (Confirmed)
H.E. Ali Obaid Al Dhaheri, Ambassador of U.A.E. to China
H.E. Clare Fearnley, Ambassador of New Zealand to China
Fu Chengyu, Former Chairman of Sinopec Group; CCG Advisor
Fan Wenzhong, Chairman of Beijing Financial Holdings Group; Former Director-General for Foreign Affairs at China Banking Regulatory Commission (Confirmed)
Fang Fang, Partner of Waterwood Investment Holdings; CCG Vice Chair (Confirmed)
Allan Gabor, President of Merck China
Gao Anming, Deputy Director of China Foreign Languages Publishing Administration
Dan Gao Zhendong, Founder and CEO of Positec, CCG Senior Vice Chair (Confirmed)
H.E. Diego Ramiro Guelar, Ambassador of Argentina to China (Confirmed)
Guan Xin, Founder and Chairman of Kuan Capital, CCG Vice Chair (Confirmed)
Guo Sheng, Chief Executive Officer, Zhaopin.com, CCG Senior Council Member
Linda He Mei, Chairperson and President of Wailian Overseas Consulting Group, CCG Vice Chair (Confirmed)
He Ning, Former Director-General of Department of American and Oceanian Affairs at Ministry of Commerce; Former Minister for Commercial Affairs at Chinese Embassy to U.S.; CCG Senior Fellow (Confirmed)
He Shenquan, Member of Editorial Board of of Global Times (Confirmed)
He Weiwen, Former Commercial Counsellor at Chinese Embassy in New York and San Francisco; CCG Senior Fellow (Confirmed)
He Yafei, Former Vice Minister of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Former Deputy Director of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council; CCG Co-Chair (Confirmed)
Hou Wenxuan, Chair in Corporate Finance at the Business School, University of Edinburgh; CCG Nonresident Senior Fellow (Confirmed)
Huo Jianguo, Former President of the Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation, Ministry of Commerce, CCG Senior Fellow (Confirmed) 
Daniel Ikenson, Director of Herbert A. Stiefel Center for Trade Policy Studies, CATO Institute (Confirmed)
Jiang Shan, Former Director-General of Department of American and Oceanian Affairs of Ministry of Commerce; CCG Senior Fellow (Confirmed)
Jiang Xipei, Chairman of Far East Holding Group; CCG Vice Chair (Confirmed)
Jin Xin, Director of China Center for Contemporary World Studies (Confirmed)
H.E. Ed Kronenburg, Ambassador of the Netherlands to China
Masahiro Kawai, Representative Director and Director-General, Economic Research Institute for Northeast Asia (Confirmed)
H.E. Lan Lijun, Director-General of China Fund of International Studies (CFIS); Former Ambassador of China to Finaland, Canada and Indonesia
Li Baiqing, Executive Director-General of CGE Peace Development Foundation (Confirmed)
Li Dongsheng, Chairman of TCL Group
Howard Li, Chairman and CEO of Waitex Group; Co-Chair of Committee of 100 Greater China (Confirmed)
James Liang Jianzhang, Co-founder and Executive Chairman of Ctrip; CCG Vice Chair (Confirmed) 
Liao Jianwen, Chief Strategy Officer, JD Group (Confirmed)
Leng Yan, Executive Vice President of Daimler China; CCG Senior Council Member (Confirmed)
Anthony Leung Kam-chung, Former Financial Secretary of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, CEO of Nan Fung Group; CCG Senior Vice-Chair (Confirmed)
Liu Shijin, Deputy Director of Economic Council under the CPPCC; Vice President of Development Research Foundation under the State Council; CCG Advisor (Confirmed)
Liu Yanhua, Former Vice Minister of Science and Technology; Counselor for the State Counci of PRC (Confirmed)
Long Yongtu, Former Vice Minister of Commerce, Former Secretary-General of the Boao Forum for Asia, CCG Chair
Lv Kejian, Former Director-General of Department of Asian Affairs, Ministry of Commerce; Former Minister at the Chinese Embassy in Japan; CCG Senior Fellow (Confirmed)
Miao Lu, Vice President and Secretary-General of CCG (Confirmed)
H.E. Eoin O'Leary, Ambassador of Ireland to China (Confirmed)
Pang Zhongying, Professor at Ocean University of China; President of Ocean Development Advanced Studies Institute; CCG Non-resident Senior Fellow
Jacob Parker, Vice President of China Operations at the U.S.-China Business Council (Confirmed)
Michael Pillsbury, Director of Center on Chinese Strategy, Hudson Institute (Confirmed)
H.E. Miguel Angel Ramirez Ramos, Ambassador of Cuba to China (Confirmed)
Margaret Ren, China Chairman of Bank of America Merrill Lynch; CCG Vice Chair
Ruan Zongze, Vice President of China Institute of International Studies (CIIS) (Confirmed)
H.E. Nicholas Rosellini, UN Resident Coordinator in China (Confirmed)
H.E. Luis Schmidt, Ambassador of Chile to China
H.E. Ettore Francesco Sequi, Ambassador of Italy to China
H.E. Shen Guofang, Executive Director of China Fund of International Studies (CFIS); Former Deputy Representative and Ambassador of China to U.N.
Shi Yinhong, Dean of School of International Studies, Renmin University of China; Counselor for the State Council; CCG Academic Council Advisor (Confirmed)
Feike Sijbesma, CEO of DSM
Song Zhiping, Chairman of China National Building Materials Group Corporation (Confirmed)
Tim Stratford, Chairman of AmCham China (Confirmed)
H.E. Su Ge, Chairman of China National Committee for Pacific Economic Cooperation, Former Chinese Ambassador toIceland, CCG Advisor (Confirmed)
Su Hao, Director of Center for Strategic and Peace, China Foreign Affairs University; CCG Nonresident Senior Fellow (Confirmed)
Sun Jie, Former Director of Department of Asset Management at China Security Regulatory Commission; President of Asset Management Association of China, CCG Senior Fellow (Confirmed)
Tang Xiuguo, President of SANYI Group; CCG Vice Chair (Confirmed)
Teng Jianqun, Director of the Department for American Studies and Center for Arms Control and International Security, China Institute of International Studies (CIIS); CCG Nonresident Senior Fellow (Confirmed)
Tu Xinquan, Professor and Dean of China Institute for WTO Studies, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE); CCG Nonresident Senior Fellow (Confirmed)
Justin Vaisse, Director-General of Paris Peace Forum (Confirmed)
Wang Feng, Editor-in-Chief of FTChinese.com (Confirmed)
Wang Shi, Founder of China Vanke; CCG Senior Vice Chair (Confirmed)
Wang Yong, Professor and Director of Center for International Political Economy at Peking University; CCG Nonresident Senior Fellow (Confirmed)
Wang Guangfa, Chairman and President of Beijing Fazheng Group (Confirmed)
Wang Huiyao, President of CCG, Counselor for the State Council (Confirmed)
Wang Linda, Chairperson of Beijing Yihai Properties; CCG Vice Chair (Confirmed)
Wang Xiaochu, Former Vice Minister of Human Resources and Social Security; Vice Chairman of NPC Foreign Affairs Committee; CCG Advisor
Wang Yi, Founder and CEO of LAIX (Confirmed)
Jeremie Waterman, Vice President of Greater China at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce
Xue Lan, Dean of Schwarzman Scholars, Tsinghua University (Confirmed)
Yang Rui, Host of CGTN, CCG Nonresident Senior Fellow (Confirmed)
Yu Hongjun, Former Vice Minister of the International Department of the CCP Central Committee; CCG Advisor
Yu Yunquan, Vice President of Institute of Contemporary China and World Studies (Confirmed)
Yuan Peng, Director-General of China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (Confirmed)
H.E. Wojciech Zajaczkowski, Ambassador of Poland to China (Confirmed)
Zha Daojiong, Professor of the School of International Studies of Peking University; CCG Academic Committee Advisor (Confirmed)
Zhang Hongli, Co-Chair of HOPU Fund; Former Senior Executive Vice President of the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), CCG Vice Chair (Confirmed)
Zhang Huarong, President of Huajian Group, CCG Vice Chair (Confirmed)
Zheng Yongnian, Chair of CCG Expert Advisory Committee; Director of East Asian Institute, National University of Singapore (Confirmed)
Zhou Mingwei, Former Director-General of China Foreign Languages Publishing Administration

hapter 6


 
What to learn from world record jobs creator Maynard Keynes? (Source last chapter general theory of employment and interest) 
Those whose system rules govern a places performance and mediate its currencies lock in next generations exponential futures - 
so most valuable jobs creating questions students and teachers can share- whose future do to value most? - where to benchmark? Sadly as of 2019 worst cases for sustainability are rules governed out of DC-USA an.

 

download EconomistBelt1b

september's most joyful moments- eastern Hsien Loon visit to beijing; western jack ma celebrates canada
september

best of expereinces of sept 2017 -Toronto Monday 25

 Welcome and Opening Remarks

Keynote Speech

Customer Spotlights

Fireside Chat

Keynote Speech

  • Jack Ma, Founder and Executive Chairman, Alibaba Group

Fireside Chat

 

1adamsmith250

pls return 1 oct for massive updates on 9 day trip to china at our partner blogs eg economistchina.net -
join debate at economisteurope.com would adam smith in 2020 want to teach at tsinghua uni
happy un week to 
big data small's entrepreneurial revolution chris macrae 240 316 8157 -breaking news bangla-myanmar

 

September's best news from World Record Job Creators
Xi Jinping 
Xiamen Declaration asks BRICS leaders plus to outreach to every hemisphere ; next 12 months diary includes franciscan G20 Argentina July 2018, AIIB Mumbai June 2018, and South Africa BRICS Summit Sept 2018
  • jack ma , jim kim, gordon brown second annual educom.digital - see right
  • Antonio Guterres exciting year from calling belt road forum "global 2.0's action meta-network for sustainability goals solutions " to being newest frind of sustaining greatest #learninggeneration 
  • 12 sept beijing - premier Li Keqiang  hosts "1+6" roundtable
  • 14th China-Asean Expo begins Nanning- special annual expo celebrated by nation leaders- connections include co-production capacity - note unique port qinzhou- example situating china-malaysia 2 countries-2 parks; in additionally china-khazakstan subnational meeting held on sidelines of CAEXPO- Khazakstan cooperation benchmark as its colaborating with 17 chiense provinces on silk-road projects west of china - earlier this year Astana hosted SCO summit and Xi invited K's president to Brics Plus - BR launch 2013

    world's largest container ship over 13000 feet long carries over 19000 contianers ; CGTN news : Beijing-ILO positive dilaogues; CGTN features Douglas Foundation as one of disadvantaged women empowerment's best-of-kind in US -out of Los Angeles! 14/9 mass innovation week begins; china and un host sustainable tourism summit- tourism is argubaly the biggest trade market in the world!

     Breaking 14 sept 2017 - Ban Ki Moon announced as chair of olympics ethics committee - one of the hardest jobs in bid media's world?

    .EconomistUniversity

    http://www.economistuniversity.com/2016/09/

    30 national leaders and counting invite families and youth to change the world of education and media - why change if we keep old education half of all youth will be underemployed- lets unite the greatest #learninggeneration - thanks to these leaders
    justin van fleet
      Commission - most exciting report on education to be issued UN NY 18 Sept
    Coursera - Education

    Co-covenors : Norway’s PM Erna Solberg,  Chile’s Michelle Bachelet Indonesia’s Joko Widodo,  Malawi’s Peter Mutharika, UNESCO Irina Bokova  acceptance by Ban Ki-Moon

    Commissioners Gordon Brown (chair, scotland);  Jim KimJack Ma (China),  Gracia Machel (S Africa), Amartya Sen,

    Ananat Agarwal, Jose Manuel Barroso, Felipe Calderon (Mexico), Kristin Clemet (Norway), Aliko Dangote (Nigeria), Julia Gilard, Bael Raza Jamil (Pakistan), Amel Karboul (Tunisia), Jakaya Kikwete (tanzania), Yuriko Koike (Japan), Anthony Lake (UNICEF), Ju-Ho Lee (South Korea),  Strive Masiyowa Zimbabwe telecom billionnaire,  Teopisyta Biriungi Mayanja (S Korea), Shakira Mebarak Superstar singer from Colombia, Patricio Meller (Chile),  Ngozi Oko0nzo-Iweala (Nigeria), Sheikha Lubna Al Qasimi (United Arab Emirates),  Kailash Satyarthi (india),  Theo Sowa (African Women Development), Lawrence Summers, Helle Thorning Schmidt (SAve The Children International) 

    ..

    .ysum7.jpg..

     E1 Xi Jinping World's Number 1 Job Creator

    global2.JPG


    green commuting   green finance

    happyeconomics.jpg 

     

    china thintanks S1 CCIEE  S2 CDI -SH CNPC G1 newsG2 peoples daily   XJG3 DRC G4 CASS  G5 CAE G6 CAG G7CCTB G8AMS NDU              

    related us - APEC   10tt

     

    ERworld.tv and 20 informal Economist blogs co-edited by young journalists from all hemisphers under massive reconstruction
    -come back soon unless you want to join out pro-youth journalists 
     
    breaking news china and friends of Brics Plus in the 50th laureate of Entrepreneurial Revolution for the
    XIamen Declaration - lower down we ask help youth search 100 ways to action XI
    chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

     

    JfH iscelebrating 50 years of ER curriuculum-started by The Economist's Norman Macrae 1968

     

     3billion.jpg

     

    huge amounts of work to be done around 3 billion new jobs planet , community, mobilising big data small apps and leapfrog models for poorest-

    in west no imvestment, we recoomend youth everywhere to friend chinese peers - china has half a billion under 30s, the good news is most sustainability jobs need worldiwde youth networking - eg chinese youth cannot solve climate on their own- nobody is creating more youth exchanges than china to help empower under 30 as the sustainability goals generation

    systems in youth economies

    green big bang

    leapfrog tech – eg fintech, healthtech, edutech

    (can parents/friends urgently invest in sustainability generation-by asking the biggest questions we cant find

    action networking answers to 

    Welcome to Entrepreneurial Revolution -50th year Macrae family started(The Economist 1968) helping journalism explore: will human race be sustainable? 

    2007 these are exciting times to interconnect – odds of sustainability will be 10-1 against unless 1461days go well.Rsvp Isabella@unacknowledgedgiant.com 

    Top reasons why our global village world is not on sustainability orbit

     Failure to network hi-trust collaboration as 10 times more valuable –

    testimony astronaut garan 

    recommendation mother earth is new open space race- we award china 50th laureate of ER – see latest collaboration update xiamen declaration below-          

    empowering every global village trust inclusion of its youth needs to be education’s main focus

    testimony jack ma

    practical error – no media empowering teachers and youth search searching 30000 microfranchises –see 1984 start of this dialogue @ The Economist – co-blog at

                                                          

    culturally western world leaders in denial about 20th c biggest mistake – embedded in industrial revolution engines was war to be biggest carbon extractor- spiraled into below zero-sum game wherever nation boundaries walled in biggest carbon guzzlers; worse empires maps changed world trade routes so that more and more subregions and communities excluded or externalized onto – so we need transparent maps – every connectivy idea that can multiply goodwill exchanges across people and we need to prioritise which missing routes to fill in BeltRoadtech

     

     

    overall we have 3 broken systems education, media, sustainableinvestment (fin services)

    each impacts what purposes markes freed by brand leadership arcitectures

    are food markets to end starvatiom amd maximize nutrition for eg moters and infants

    arehealth services designed so nobody dies before their time through lack of basic last mile capacity

    is education linked to action learning for eg those whose intergenrational illiteracywas caused by having no access to electricity nor other commns grids of 20th c

     

     New development banks -eg aiib, BRICS ndb are the most daring experiment governments have evrer conceived but missing is ultra poor development bank and how it leapfrogs beyond old gov - the ultra poor dev bank may be pivotal to question what does china not understand about india and vice versa.NB India being 5 times poorer per person on average means part of india hasnt developed at all for 300 years. In this regard Universal Unique Id of billin people is unique opportunity for india's ultra develoment; it needs blockchain of big data small- the greatest coding solutins not just inclusion in wonderful china solutions to peoples inclusion. 

    This said best news from new development banks in september
    2017 - Beijing, September 05, 2017 

    AIIB Supports Renewable Energy Development in Egypt
    Infrastructure Investment Bank announced up to US$210 million in debt financing to tap Egypt’s renewable energy potential.
    This solar power project will increase ...READ MORE

     

    gone is 20th C idea that world most valuable brand addicts people to obesity -21st C youth's most valuable brand leaders will help collaboratively scale the most critical life shaping solutions movements

    -see testimony of jim kim , nigeria's flying doctor

    discuss why ali-bkashis one such brand uniting girls and tech nerds 

     

    embedded in steam engine's industrial revolution was the cancer of carbon energy- when big carbon nations ran out the warred or empired to extract more-worse boubndary conflicys of superpowers erased world trade routes for all - read marco polo's stories on trade as win-win civilisation along the silk road

    youth will not be sustainable unless we celbrate win-wibs: green energy big bang can do that - so can the big bacg of mobilising 4000 tines more on Learning Tech and microfrnachising service apps

    whats most valuable teaching goal?- to maximise time person spends at experintial edge of unique competence to serve

    problem 99.999% of colleges and schools examine opposite because they are stuck in british empire age of training few top people to control colonies which became usa superpower age of protecting wars over carbon in ways that local cultures and diversity went missing not just fromhow the world was led but what teachers freed children 5to explore from local communities up - see education commission debates of 30 national leaders on how transformation education needed if half of youthnot to be employabe in 2030 

     can green big bang hapen in tine? ie will 2000 place govermors unite to benchamrk shared desting to thriving carbon zero economic communities can we invest in K of BRIC(k)S so that 50 million north koreans come out from the nuclear end game and eg help lead world to photosynethesis - nuclear was a wrong crosrads in 1940s- no wonder mother nature id deciding whether she want the human species any more bodrers are expoentialy the mosr risk place becaue all global wetern profesisons becaome monopliies in externalising not in win-win partnering - while we value east's new professins, can societies in weat imprison those profesisons who fail to transparfently take hippocratic oath now- iceland did great job with hubdred most guikty big bankers of 2008 - why didnt other western nations- of course thsi is the time for one last amnety - as walling in societies was a maddening thing to do at smae time as invetsing in 4000 times more mobile learningtech conectivity 2030 vs 1946- we were always destined to find out could humans value littkle suster mire than big brothers- the exciting thing if you are reading thsi today is you are part of the most exciting innovations of the humn lot if you want to be global green bond market . From 2016  about 30% of green bond issuance is from china! -the global market champion.

    In Beijing yesterday, 500 people came together for the International Green Finance Forum, hosted by China’s Green Finance Committee.

    One panel discussed green opportunities for green bonds in China’s ambitious Belt & Road Initiative. Sean Kidney, CEO at Climate Bonds Initiative, moderated  

    A lot is happening in emerging markets:

    • The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) released green bond guidelines in May. India has now issued USD4.5bn green bond with further USD10bn in the pipeline.
    • Nigeria, Kenya, and Argentina are planning to issue sovereign green bonds.
    • Corporate, bank and sub-national green bonds have been issued in the Philippines, Mexico, Peru, Brazil, Colombia, South Africa, Morocco, Argentina and Costa Rica.
    • The world’s first ‘green sukuk (link is external)’ was recently issued in Malaysia, for RM250 million .
    • The ASEAN Capital Markets Forum of regulators is soon to announce green bond guidelines for the region.

     

    Eugene Wong, f Corporate Finance and Investments Business Group of Securities Commission Malaysia:

    ASEAN needs USD110bn every year to build infrastructure, and we have made commitments to NDCs. We want to have a standard that identifies ‘true green’, and we will not allow fossil fuel projects to be included. We need to build things right upfront.


    Greening the Belt & Road

    China’s Belt & Road Initiative (BRI ()) is also providing huge investment opportunities for (green) infrastructure projects. China’s President Xi:green bonds are expected to become a feature of the financing packages for these projects in 2018.

    ASEAN countries and other EMs along the Belt & Road can issue green bonds in/outside China to refinance their infrastructure. Chinese investors can also issue green bonds to leverage private capital to green infrastructure projects. With the Hong Kong-China )Bond Connect Programme),............................................. 







     

    breaking news china and friends of Brics Plus in the 50th laureate of entrepreneurial revolution for the Xiamen Declaration

     

     

     

    www.erworld.tv year 50 of The Economist's Entrepreurial Revolution

    -what if education is 10 times more valuable than macroeconomists to sustaining 21st c networked generation  

    after 20 yeras of post world war 2 editing at The Economist, fathers mind was consumed by 2 questions from 1968

    -the so-called curriculum of Entrepreneurial Revolution aka Drucker Post-industrial revolution or from 1984 book "2025" report

    the systen chalenge of escaping carbon driven economies so that green and youth development economeis sustained our species

    1) what if nan's comin moon landong means spend on laerning communication tech universal outreach doubles every 7 yeras from 2030 to 1946 - tats a moo9re law expoential of over 4000 timjes- how will everythinng of soicail value need chnaging around keynes 2 gaols -end poverty, celebarte progress in youth luvelihods out of every comunity

    from 1962 it is celar the est has started a quality syhustems and infrastrcucture win=win revolution that is not lked by wars over carbon - can eastern youth friend westren and souther youth in timnje to save the world 

     

    ER laureates are awarded evry 5 years - we invite collaboration cafes -and open space tech -in various cities to

    discuss xiamen declaration and will help youth journalists for humanity search

    for relevant resources to linkin - if you can help please rsvp chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk 

    Dear Nicholas and Roberto  cc Lord Nicholas Stern

     

    I realise the Xiamen declaration (below) is long (needs youth in development to question/mooc every clause from their regions view point) but my question would be how can one get to the last day of Argentina G20 and issue a declaration that builds in all Franscican values

     

    in effect if its the case that Xiamen is China's and the East's current gift to mapping how the sustainability generation wil happen ,  the next year will add in much more insights from India and aiib mumbai june 2018 can introduce an adapted version

     

    question for  youth summits and class 2017-2018 - year preparing Argentina G20

    how does latin american design in win-wins from its context - china appears to want the Eastern centric brics to move into Plus mode with A2Brics latin american connections, A3Brics African connections and I hope ICE (view of future of sustainable development of youth livelihoods mediated by India, China, English speakinh world)

     

    as you know xi jinping invited the head of Mexico with Brics member Brazil's President to participate in seeing this declaration come alive with 3000 journalists from 26 nations questioning it - previously the leaders of argentina and chile have extensively discussed both Belt Road and the Hangzhou ecommerce g20 -argentina is jack ma's lead partner in latin america; chile has always led UN women views due to that being Michele Bachelet's prior job with ted turner funded UN partnerships foundation

     

    I will be spending the week after next listening to stundnt views etc. If there is anyne in Beijing (eg IMF , trade delegations of latin america - i know people at Italy's chsmber of commerce) that you know intersted in surveying youth's connections with this, it would be fantgastic to be introduced

    sincerely chris macrae

     

    In a declaration, the BRICS(Brazil-Russia-India-China- South Africa) called upon all nations to adopt a comprehensive approach in combating terrorism including countering radicalisation and blocking terror financing sources. Here is the full text ofXiamen Declaration


    Xiamen, China, 4 September 2017


    1. We, the Leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the People's Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa, met on 4 September 2017 in Xiamen, China, at the Ninth BRICS Summit. Under the theme "BRICS: Stronger Partnership for a Brighter Future", we endeavor to build on our achievements already made with a shared vision for future development of BRICS. We also discussed international and regional issues of common concern and adopted the Xiamen Declaration by consensus.

    2. We reiterate that it is the overarching objective and our desire for peace, security, development and cooperation that brought us together 10 years ago. BRICS countries have since traversed a remarkable journey together on their respective development paths tailored to their national circumstances, devoted to growing their economies and improving people's livelihoods. Our committed and concerted efforts have generated a momentum of all-dimensional and multi-layered cooperation fostered by the previous Leaders' Summits. Upholding development and multilateralism, we are working together for a more just, equitable, fair, democratic and representative international political and economic order.

    (check numbering)

    3. Our cooperation since 2006 has fostered the BRICS spirit featuring mutual respect and understanding, equality, solidarity, openness, inclusiveness and mutually beneficial cooperation, which is our valuable asset and an inexhaustible source of strength for BRICS cooperation. We have shown respect for the development paths of our respective choices, and rendered understanding and support to each other's interests. We have upheld equality and solidarity. We have also embraced openness and inclusiveness, dedicated to forging an open world economy. We have furthered our cooperation with emerging markets and developing countries (EMDCs). We have worked together for mutually beneficial outcomes and common development, constantly deepening BRICS practical cooperation which benefits the world at large.

    4. We draw satisfaction from the many fruitful results of our cooperation, including establishing the New Development Bank (NDB) and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA), formulating the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership, strengthening political and security cooperation including through Meetings of BRICS High Representatives for Security Issues and Foreign Ministers Meetings, and deepening the traditional ties of friendship amongst our peoples

    5. Recalling our Summits in Ufa and Goa, we will work together to further enhance BRICS strategic partnership for the welfare of our peoples. We commit ourselves to build upon the outcomes and consensus of our previous Summits with unwavering conviction, so as to usher in the second golden decade of BRICS cooperation and solidarity.

    6. Believing in the broad development prospects of our countries and the vast potential of our cooperation, we have full confidence in the future of BRICS. We commit to further strengthen our cooperation.

    -- We will energize our practical cooperation to boost development of BRICS countries. We will, inter alia, promote exchanges of good practices and experiences on development, and facilitate market inter-linkages as well as infrastructure and financial integration to achieve interconnected development. We shall also strive towards broad partnerships with EMDCs, and in this context, we will pursue equal-footed and flexible practices and initiatives for dialogue and cooperation with non-BRICS countries, including through BRICS Plus cooperation.

    -- We will enhance communication and coordination in improving global economic governance to foster a more just and equitable international economic order. We will work towards enhancement of the voice and representation of BRICS countries and EMDCs in global economic governance and promote an open, inclusive and balanced economic globalization, thus contributing towards development of EMDCs and providing strong impetus to redressing North-South development imbalances and promoting global growth.

    -- We will emphasize fairness and justice to safeguard international and regional peace and stability. We will stand firm in upholding a fair and equitable international order based on the central role of the United Nations, the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and respect for international law, promoting democracy and the rule of law in international relations, and making joint efforts to address common traditional and non-traditional security challenges, so as to build a brighter shared future for the global community.

    -- We will embrace cultural diversity and promote people-to-people exchanges to garner more popular support for BRICS cooperation through deepened traditional friendships. We will expand people-to-people exchanges in all dimensions, encourage all fabrics of the society to participate in BRICS cooperation, promote mutual learning between our cultures and civilizations, enhance communication and mutual understanding among our peoples and deepen traditional friendships, thus making BRICS partnership closer to our people's hearts.

    BRICS Practical Economic Cooperation
    7. We note that against the backdrop of more solid global economic growth, enhanced resilience and emerging new drivers, BRICS countries continue to play an important role as engines of global growth. Noting the uncertainties and downside risks that persist, we emphasize the need to be vigilant in guarding against inward-looking policies and tendencies that are weighing on global growth prospects and market confidence. We call upon all countries to calibrate and communicate their macroeconomic and structural policies and strengthen policy coordination.

    8. We note that practical economic cooperation has traditionally served as a foundation of BRICS cooperation, notably through implementing the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership and initiatives related to its priority areas such as trade and investment, manufacturing and minerals processing, infrastructure connectivity, financial integration, science, technology and innovation, and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) cooperation, among others. We welcome the first report on the implementation of the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership, and the broad package of outcomes delivered by the sectoral ministerial meetings. We commit to use all policy tools - fiscal, monetary and structural - and adopt innovation-driven development strategies to enhance resilience and potentials of our economies, so as to contribute to strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive global growth.

    9. Stressing the role of enhanced trade and investment cooperation in unleashing the potential of BRICS economies, we agree to improve and broaden trade and investment cooperation mechanism and scope, with a view to enhancing BRICS economic complementarity and diversification in BRICS countries. We welcome the positive outcomes of the 7th BRICS Trade Ministers Meeting in terms of the cooperative frameworks, roadmaps and outlines on trade and investment facilitation and connectivity and enhanced policy sharing, information exchange, capacity building, through enhanced joint efforts on trade and investment facilitation, trade in services, E-commerce, IPR (in synergy with the cooperation activities among BRICS IP authorities), economic and technical cooperation, SMEs and women economic empowerment. We welcome the setting up of the BRICS E-Port Network that will operate on a voluntary basis and the establishment of the BRICS E-commerce Working Group. We also welcome China's initiative to host an International Import Expo in 2018 and encourage our business communities to actively participate in it.

    10. We stress the importance of enhancing BRICS financial cooperation to better serve the real economy and meet the development needs of BRICS countries. We note the agreement by the finance ministers and central bank governors on cooperation on Public Private Partnerships (PPP), including through PPP experience exchange and application of the BRICS Good Practices on PPP Frameworks. We acknowledge the establishment of a temporary task force to conduct technical discussion on various ways of cooperation, including utilizing existing facilities of the MDBs based on national experiences, exploring the possibility of establishing a new PPP Project Preparation Fund and other options. We encourage cooperation and coordination by our accounting standards setters and audit regulators and agree to explore convergence of accounting standards and continue discussion on cooperation on auditing oversight in the area of bond issuance, so as to lay the groundwork for bond market connectivity among BRICS countries, with due regard to applicable national legislation and policies. We agree to promote the development of BRICS Local Currency Bond Markets and jointly establish a BRICS Local Currency Bond Fund, as a means of contribution to the capital sustainability of financing in BRICS countries, boosting the development of BRICS domestic and regional bond markets, including by increasing foreign private sector participation, and enhancing financial resilience of BRICS countries.

    11. In order to serve the demand arising from rapid growth of trade and investment among the BRICS countries, we agree to facilitate financial market integration through promoting the network of financial institutions and the coverage of financial services within BRICS countries, subject to each country's existing regulatory framework and WTO obligations, and to ensure greater communication and cooperation between financial sector regulators. We agree to take an active part in the efforts to implement and improve International Standards on Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism and Proliferation in FATF, including through cooperation among BRICS Heads of Delegation on AML/CFT, also in the context of the work of BRICS CTWG and by using other platforms and to safeguard integrity of national financial systems. We agree to communicate closely to enhance currency cooperation, consistent with each central bank's legal mandate, including through currency swap, local currency settlement, and local currency direct investment, where appropriate, and to explore more modalities of currency cooperation. We encourage the BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism to continue playing an important role in supporting BRICS economic and trade cooperation. We commend the progress in concluding the Memoranda of Understanding among national development banks of BRICS countries on interbank local currency credit line and on interbank cooperation in relation to credit rating.

    12. We highlight the importance of innovation as a key driver for mid and long term economic growth and global sustainable development. We commit to promote cooperation on science, technology and innovation (STI) to forge synergy in tapping new growth momentum for our five economies and continue to address the development challenges we face. We commend the selection of BRICS research and development projects under the BRICS STI Framework Program and note the launch of the 2nd call for projects. We welcome the BRICS STI Cooperation MOU and support enhanced cooperation on innovation and entrepreneurship, including by promoting technology transfer and application, cooperation among science and technology parks and enterprises as well as mobility of researchers, entrepreneurs, professionals and students. We encourage increased participation of the academia, businesses, civil society and other stakeholders in this process, and support the promotion of STI investment and cross-border investment through existing funding, institutions and platforms including the NDB. We agree to continue to work on a cooperation platform for innovation and entrepreneurship and support the implementation of the BRICS Innovation Cooperation Action Plan 2017-2020.

    13. We reaffirm our commitment to BRICS industrial cooperation, including on industrial capacities and policies, new industrial infrastructure and standards, and among small, micro and medium-sized enterprises (SMMEs), so as to jointly seize the opportunities brought about by the new industrial revolution and expedite our respective industrialization processes. We encourage exploring the establishment of BRICS Institute of Future networks. We will enhance joint BRICS research, development and innovation in ICT including the Internet of Things, Cloud computing, Big Data, Data Analytics, Nanotechnology, Artificial Intelligence and 5G and their innovative applications to elevate the level of ICT infrastructure and connectivity in our countries. We will advocate the establishment of internationally applicable rules for security of ICT infrastructure, data protection and the Internet that can be widely accepted by all parties concerned, and jointly build a network that is safe and secure. We will increase investment of ICT, recognize the need to further increase investment in ICT Research and development, unleash the dynamics of innovation in producing goods and services. We encourage identification and facilitation of partnership between institutes, organizations, enterprises in the implementation of proof of concepts and pilot projects by leveraging complementary strengths in ICT hardware, software and skills through developing next generation of innovative solutions in the areas of smart cities, health care and energy efficient device, etc. We support active collaboration in implementing the BRICS ICT Development Agenda and Action Plan.

    14. We reaffirm our commitment to fully implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. We will also advocate equitable, open, all-round, innovation-driven and inclusive development, to achieve sustainable development in its three dimensions - economic, social and environmental- in a balanced and integrated manner. We support the important role of the United Nations, including the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF), in coordinating and reviewing global implementation of the 2030 Agenda, and support the need to reform the UN Development System with a view to enhancing its capability in supporting Member States in implementing the 2030 Agenda. We urge developed countries to honor their Official Development Assistance commitments in time and in full and provide more development resources to developing countries.

    15. Underlining the strategic importance of energy to economic development, we commit to strengthen BRICS cooperation on energy. We recognize that sustainable development, energy access, and energy security are critical to the shared prosperity and future of the planet. We acknowledge that clean and renewable energy needs to be affordable to all. We will work to foster open, flexible and transparent markets for energy commodities and technologies. We will work together to promote most effective use of fossil fuels and wider use of gas, hydro and nuclear power, which will contribute to the transformation toward a low emissions economy, better energy access, and sustainable development. In this regard, we underline the importance of predictability in accessing technology and finance for expansion of civil nuclear energy capacity which would contribute to sustainable development in BRICS countries. We encourage continued dialogue on the establishment of a BRICS Energy Research Cooperation Platform and urge relevant entities to continue to promote joint research on energy cooperation and energy efficiency.

    16. We commit to further promote green development and low-carbon economy, in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication, enhance BRICS cooperation on climate change and expand green financing. We call upon all countries to fully implement the Paris Agreement adopted under the principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) including the principles of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, and urge developed countries to provide financial, technological and capacity-building support to developing countries to enhance their capability in mitigation and adaptation.

    17. Stressing the importance of environmental cooperation to sustainable development of our countries and the well-being of our peoples, we agree to take concrete actions to advance result-oriented cooperation in such areas as prevention of air and water pollution, waste management and biodiversity conservation. We recognize the importance of an environmentally sound technology platform and of improving urban environmental sustainability, and support BRICS joint efforts in this regard. Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa appreciate and support China's hosting of the meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in 2020.

    18. Noting the fruitful agricultural cooperation over the past years, we recognize the unique characteristics and complementarity of BRICS countries in agricultural development and vast cooperation potential in this area. In this connection, we agree to deepen cooperation in the five priority areas such as food security and nutrition, adaptation of agriculture to climate change, agricultural technology cooperation and innovation, agricultural trade and investment, and ICT application in agriculture to contribute to stable global agricultural growth and achievement of Sustainable Development Goals. We welcome the establishment in India of the Coordination Center of BRICS Agriculture Research Platform, a virtual network which will facilitate addressing these priority areas.

    19. We express concern over the challenges faced by the African continent in achieving independent and sustainable development and in wildlife conservation. We reaffirm our commitment to strengthen cooperation with Africa and help the continent to address illegal wildlife trade, promote employment, food security, infrastructure development and industrialization including through connectivity and developmental initiatives and projects. We reaffirm our strong support for African Union's implementation of its various programs under Agenda 2063 in pursuit of its continental agenda for peace and socio-economic development.

    20. Keenly aware of the negative impact of corruption on sustainable development, we support the efforts to enhance BRICS anti-corruption cooperation. We reaffirm our commitment to intensify dialogue and experience sharing and support compiling a compendium on fighting corruption in BRICS countries. We further acknowledge that illegal flow of the proceeds of corruption impairs economic development and financial stability, and support enhanced cooperation in asset recovery. We support the strengthening of international cooperation against corruption, including through the BRICS Anti-Corruption Working Group, as well as on matters related to asset recovery and persons sought for corruption. We acknowledge that corruption including illicit money and financial flows, and ill-gotten wealth stashed in foreign jurisdictions is a global challenge which may impact negatively on economic growth and sustainable development. We will strive to coordinate our approach in this regard and encourage a stronger global commitment to prevent and combat corruption on the basis of the United Nations Convention against Corruption and other relevant international legal instruments.

    21. Living in the era of digital economy, we are ready to use opportunities it provides and address challenges it poses for the global growth. We will act on the basis of principles of innovation, partnership, synergy, flexibility, open and favorable business environment, trust and security, protection of consumer rights in order to ensure the conditions for a thriving and dynamic digital economy, that will foster global economic development and benefit everyone.

    22. We appreciate the efforts and contribution of the BRICS Business Council and Business Forum to strengthening our economic cooperation in infrastructure, manufacturing, energy, agriculture, financial services, e-commerce, alignment of technical standards and skills development. We welcome the establishment of a working group on regional aviation within the framework of the Business Council and in this connection acknowledge the Brazil's proposal on an MOU on regional aviation partnership. We encourage business communities and associations to actively participate in BRICS cooperation, and give full play to their role as trade and investment facilitation institutions in promoting mutually beneficial cooperation.

    23. We recognize the importance of transformation that is taking place in the labor market and the opportunities and challenges it brings. We note with satisfaction the progress in BRICS cooperation with regard to human resources, employment and social security, fostering strong labor market information systems and networking of BRICS of Labor Research Institutes and BRICS Social Security Cooperation Framework. We welcome the achievement of a BRICS common position on governance in the future of work and agree to further strengthen exchanges and cooperation in ensuring full employment, promoting decent work, advancing poverty alleviation and reduction through skills development and achieving universal and sustainable social security systems.

    24. We recognize the importance of competition protection to ensure the efficient social and economic development of our countries, to stimulate innovative processes and to provide quality products to our consumers. We note the significance of the interaction between the Competition Authorities of our countries, in particular, in identifying and suppressing restrictive business practices that are of a transboundary nature.

    25. We note with satisfaction the progress made by Customs Administrations in their cooperation on trade facilitation, security and enforcement, capacity building and other issues of mutual interest, including through such mechanisms as BRICS Customs Cooperation Committee and BRICS Customs Working Group. We encourage broadened cooperation under the guiding principles of mutual sharing of information, mutual recognition of customs control, and mutual assistance in enforcement so as to boost growth and promote people's welfare. In order to strengthen mutual cooperation in customs matters, we reaffirm our commitment to finalize BRICS Customs Mutual Assistance Agreement at the earliest.

    26. We adhere to the principle of utilizing outer space for peaceful purposes and emphasize the need to strengthen the international cooperation in space activities in order to use space technologies to respond to global climate change, environmental protection, disaster prevention and relief and other challenges faced by humankind. 27. Recalling the Saint-Petersburg and Udaipur Declarations of BRICS Ministers for Disaster Management and the decision to establish a BRICS Joint Taskforce on Disaster Risk Management, we underline the importance of consistent joint work of emergency services of BRICS countries aimed at building a safer future by reducing existing disaster risks, including exchange of information on best practices concerning disaster risk management and cooperation in the field of forecasting and early warning for effective response to natural and human induced disasters.

    28. We note with satisfaction the progress in BRICS cooperation in such fields as audit, statistics and export credit and agree to further advance cooperation in these fields.

    Global Economic Governance

    29. We resolve to foster a global economic governance architecture that is more effective and reflective of current global economic landscape, increasing the voice and representation of emerging markets and developing economies. We reaffirm our commitment to conclude the IMF's 15th General Review of Quotas, including a new quota formula, by the 2019 Spring Meetings and no later than the 2019 Annual Meetings. We will continue to promote the implementation of the World Bank Group Shareholding Review.

    30. We emphasize the importance of an open and resilient financial system to sustainable growth and development, and agree to better leverage the benefits of capital flows and manage the risks stemming from excessive cross-border capital flows and fluctuation. The BRICS CRA represents a milestone of BRICS financial cooperation and development, which also contributes to global financial stability. We welcome the establishment of the CRA System of Exchange in Macroeconomic Information (SEMI), and the agreement to further strengthen the research capability of the CRA, and to promote closer cooperation between the IMF and the CRA.

    31. We welcome the establishment of the NDB Africa Regional Center launched in South Africa, which is the first regional office of the Bank. We welcome the setting up of the Project Preparation Fund and the approval of the 2nd batch of projects. We congratulate the Bank on the ground-breaking of its permanent headquarters building. We stress the significance of infrastructure connectivity to foster closer economic ties and partnerships among countries. We encourage the NDB to fully leverage its role and enhance cooperation with multilateral development institutions including the World Bank and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank as well as with the BRICS Business Council, to forge synergy in mobilizing resources and promote infrastructure construction and sustainable development of BRICS countries.

    32. We emphasize the importance of an open and inclusive world economy enabling all countries and peoples to share in the benefits of globalization. We remain firmly committed to a rules-based, transparent, non-discriminatory, open and inclusive multilateral trading system as embodied in the WTO. We reaffirm our commitments to ensure full implementation and enforcement of existing WTO rules and are determined to work together to further strengthen the WTO. We call for the acceleration of the implementation of the Bali and Nairobi MCM outcomes and for the WTO ministerial conference to be held this year in Argentina to produce positive outcomes. We will continue to firmly oppose protectionism. We recommit to our existing pledge for both standstill and rollback of protectionist measures and we call upon other countries to join us in that commitment.

    33. Valuing the G20's continued role as the premier forum for international economic cooperation, we reiterate our commitments to the implementation of the outcomes of G20 summits, including the Hamburg Summit and the Hangzhou Summit. We call upon the G20 to further enhance macroeconomic policy coordination to minimize negative spillovers and external shocks to EMDEs. We agree to enhance coordination and cooperation under the Argentina Presidency in 2018, with an aim to make the G20 process and outcomes reflect the interests and priorities of EMDEs.

    34. We reaffirm our commitment to achieving a fair and modern global tax system and promoting a more equitable, pro-growth and efficient international tax environment, including to deepening cooperation on addressing Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS), promoting exchange of tax information and improving capacity-building in developing countries. We will strengthen BRICS tax cooperation to increase BRICS contribution to setting international tax rules and provide, according to each country's priorities, effective and sustainable technical assistance to other developing countries.

    International Peace and Security

    35. Cognizant of the profound changes the world is undergoing and the global security challenges and threats faced by the international community, we commit to enhance communication and cooperation in international fora on issues concerning international peace and security. We reiterate our commitment to safeguarding world peace and security and to upholding the basic norms of the international law, and the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations including sovereign equality and non-interference in other countries' internal affairs.

    36. We welcome the 7th Meeting of the BRICS High Representatives for Security Issues held on 27-28 July 2017 in Beijing, and commend the meeting for having discussion and deepening our common understanding on global governance, counter-terrorism, security in the use of ICTs, energy security, major international and regional hotspots as well as national security and development. We note Brazil's proposal to establish a BRICS Intelligence Forum. We welcome Chair's report to us on the proceedings of the Meeting and encourage the succeeding chairpersonships to continue this exercise. We look forward to enhancing practical security cooperation agreed upon in the above areas

    37. We welcome China's hosting of the Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs/International Relations in Beijing on 18-19 June 2017 at the initiative of China. Ministers exchanged views on major global political, security, economic and financial issues of common concern and on strengthening BRICS cooperation. We look forward to the upcoming meeting of Foreign Ministers on the margins of the UNGA. We welcome South Africa's offer to host the next stand-alone Foreign Ministers Meeting in 2018.

    38. We recall that development and security are closely interlinked, mutually reinforcing and key to attaining sustainable peace. We reiterate our view that the establishment of sustainable peace requires a comprehensive, concerted and determined approach, based on mutual trust, mutual benefit, equity and cooperation, that addresses the causes of conflicts, including their political, economic and social dimensions. We condemn unilateral military interventions, economic sanctions and arbitrary use of unilateral coercive measures in violation of international law and universally recognized norms of international relations. We emphasize that no country should enhance its security at the expense of the security of others.

    39. We reaffirm our commitment to the United Nations as the universal multilateral organization entrusted with the mandate for maintaining international peace and security, advance global development and to promote and protect human rights.

    40. We recall the 2005 World Summit Outcome document and reaffirm the need for a comprehensive reform of the UN, including its Security Council, with a view to making it more representative, effective and efficient, and to increase the representation of the developing countries so that it can adequately respond to global challenges. China and Russia reiterate the importance they attach to the status and role of Brazil, India and South Africa in international affairs and support their aspiration to play a greater role in the UN.

    41. We reiterate that the only lasting solution to the crisis in Syria is through an inclusive "Syrian-led, Syrian-owned" political process which safeguards the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Syria, in pursuance of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2254(2015), and promotes the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people. We strongly support the Geneva Peace Talks and the Astana process, and welcome the creation of the de-escalation areas in Syria, which contributed to decrease the levels of violence and generate positive momentum and conditions for meaningful progress in the peace talks under the auspices of the UN. We oppose the use of chemical weapons by anyone, for any purpose and under any circumstance.

    42. We reiterate the urgent need for a just, lasting and comprehensive solution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in order to achieve peace and stability in the Middle East on the basis of relevant United Nations resolutions, the Madrid Principles, the Arab Peace Initiative and previous agreements between the parties through negotiations with a view to creating an independent, viable, territorially contiguous Palestinian State living side by side in peace and security with Israel. Committed to making greater contribution to such solution, we express readiness to enhance our contribution towards a just and lasting resolution of the Middle East conflict and support international efforts to promote peace and stability in the region.

    43. We congratulate the people and Government of Iraq for the recovery of Mosul and for the progress achieved in the fight against terrorism and reaffirm our commitment to Iraq's sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence and our support for Iraqi government and its people. We express our concern over the situation in Yemen and urge all parties to cease hostilities and to resume negotiations supported by the United Nations. We also call on all parties directly involved in the current diplomatic crisis in the Gulf region to overcome their dissensions through dialogue and welcome the efforts of Kuwaiti mediation in this regard.

    44. We strongly deplore the nuclear test conducted by the DPRK. We express deep concern over the ongoing tension and prolonged nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula, and emphasize that it should only be settled through peaceful means and direct dialogue of all the parties concerned.

    45. We firmly support the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on the Iranian nuclear issue and call upon all relevant parties to comply fully with their obligations and ensure full and effective implementation of the JCPOA to promote international and regional peace and stability.

    46. We commend the efforts of African countries, the African Union and sub-regional organizations in addressing regional issues and maintaining regional peace and security, and emphasize the importance of collaboration between the United Nations and the African Union in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations. We support efforts towards comprehensively resolving the issues in Democratic Republic of Congo, Libya, South Sudan, Somalia, Central Africa Republic and Western Sahara.

    47. We strongly condemn terrorist attacks resulting in death to innocent Afghan nationals. There is a need for immediate cessation of violence. We reaffirm our support to the people of Afghanistan in their efforts to achieve "Afghan-led and Afghan-owned" peace and national reconciliation, to the ongoing international efforts, including the Moscow Format of consultations on Afghanistan and "Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process", as well as multimodal connectivity projects to promote peace and stability, to the fight against terrorism and drug-threat, and to the national reconstruction efforts by Afghanistan. We support the efforts of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces in fighting terrorist organizations.

    48. We, in this regard, express concern on the security situation in the region and violence caused by the Taliban, ISIL/DAISH, Al-Qaida and its affiliates including Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement, Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, the Haqqani network, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad, TTP and Hizb ut-Tahrir.

    49. We deplore all terrorist attacks worldwide, including attacks in BRICS countries, and condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations wherever committed and by whomsoever and stress that there can be no justification whatsoever for any act of terrorism. We reaffirm that those responsible for committing, organizing, or supporting terrorist acts must be held accountable. Recalling the primary leading role and responsibility of states in preventing and countering terrorism, we stress the necessity to develop international cooperation, in accordance with the principles of international law, including that of sovereign equality of states and non-interference in their internal affairs. We reaffirm solidarity and resolve in the fight against terrorism, value the 2nd BRICS Counter-Terrorism Working Group Meeting held in Beijing on 18 May 2017, and agree to strengthen our cooperation.

    50. We call upon all nations to adopt a comprehensive approach in combating terrorism, which should include countering radicalization, recruitment, movement of terrorists including Foreign Terrorist Fighters, blocking sources of financing terrorism including, for instance, through organized crime by means of money-laundering, supply of weapons, drug trafficking and other criminal activities, dismantling terrorist bases, and countering misuse of the Internet including social media by terrorist entities through misuse of the latest Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). We are committed to prevent and counter the growing spread of terrorist narratives, and to tackle all sources, techniques and channels of terrorist financing. We call for swift and effective implementation of relevant UNSC Resolutions and the FATF International Standards worldwide. We seek to intensify our cooperation in FATF and FATF-style regional bodies (FSRBs). We recall the responsibility of all States to prevent financing of terrorist networks and terrorist actions from their territories.

    51. We call upon the international community to establish a genuinely broad international counter-terrorism coalition and support the UN's central coordinating role in this regard. We stress that the fight against terrorism must be conducted in accordance with international law, including the Charter of the United Nations, international refugee and humanitarian law, human rights and fundamental freedoms. We reaffirm our commitment on increasing the effectiveness of the UN counter-terrorism framework, including in the areas of cooperation and coordination among the relevant UN entities, designation of terrorists and terrorist groups and technical assistance to Members States. We call for expeditious finalization and adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) by the United Nations General Assembly.

    52. We recognize the important contribution of BRICS countries to United Nations peacekeeping operations, and the importance of United Nations peacekeeping operations to international peace and security. We emphasize the need for BRICS countries to further enhance communication on peacekeeping matters.

    53. We reiterate our commitment to address the world drug problem based on the United Nations drug control conventions, through an integrated, comprehensive and balanced approach to drug supply and demand reduction strategies. We stress the importance of the outcome document of the 30th Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on the world drug problem, and call for strengthening of international and regional cooperation and coordination to counter the global threat caused by the illicit production and trafficking of drugs, especially opiates. We note with deep concern the increasing links in some regions of the world between drug trafficking, money laundering and organized crime and terrorism.

    54. We reiterate the need for all countries to cooperate in promoting and protecting human rights and fundamental freedoms under the principles of equality and mutual respect. We agree to continue to treat all human rights, including the right to development, in a fair and equal manner, on the same footing and with the same emphasis. We will strengthen cooperation on issues of common interests both within BRICS and in multilateral fora including the United Nations Human Rights Council, taking into account the necessity to promote, protect and fulfill human rights in a non-selective, non-politicized and constructive manner, and without double standards.

    55. Keenly aware of the global security challenges faced by the international community in the area of international migration, we emphasize the growing role of effective migration regulation for the benefit of international security and development of the society.

    56. We consider the UN has a central role in developing universally accepted norms of responsible state behavior in the use of ICTs to ensure a peaceful, secure, open, cooperative, stable, orderly, accessible and equitable ICT environment. We emphasize the paramount importance of the principles of international law enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, particularly the state sovereignty, the political independence, territorial integrity and sovereign equality of states, non-interference in internal affairs of other states and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. We emphasize the need to enhance international cooperation against terrorist and criminal misuse of ICTs, reaffirm the general approach laid in the eThekwini, Fortaleza, Ufa and Goa declarations in this regard, and recognize the need for a universal regulatory binding instrument on combatting the criminal use of ICTs under the UN auspices as stated in the Ufa Declaration. We note with satisfaction the progress achieved by the Working Group of Experts of the BRICS States on Security in the use of ICTs. We decide to promote cooperation according to the BRICS Roadmap of Practical Cooperation on Ensuring Security in the Use of ICTs or any other mutually agreed mechanism and acknowledge the initiative of the Russian Federation on a BRICS intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in ensuring security in the use of ICTs.

    57. We believe that all states should participate on an equal footing in the evolution and functioning of the Internet and its governance, bearing in mind the need to involve relevant stakeholders in their respective roles and responsibilities. The structures that manage and regulate the critical Internet resources need to be made more representative and inclusive. We note with satisfaction the progress made by the BRICS Working Group on ICT Cooperation. We recognize the necessity to strengthen our cooperation in this area. To that end, BRICS will continue to work together through the existing mechanism to contribute to the secure, open, peaceful and cooperative use of ICTs on the basis of equal participation of the international community in its management.

    58. We reiterate that outer space shall be free for peaceful exploration and used by all States on the basis of equality in accordance with international law. Reaffirming that outer space shall remain free from any kind of weapons or any use of force, we stress that negotiations for the conclusion of an international agreement or agreements to prevent an arms race in outer space are a priority task of the United Nations Conference on Disarmament, and support the efforts to start substantive work, inter alia, based on the updated draft treaty on the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space and of the threat or use of force against outer space objects submitted by China and the Russian Federation. We also note an international initiative for a political obligation on the no first placement of weapons in outer space.

    59. Priority should be accorded to ensuring the long-term sustainability of outer space activities, as well as ways and means of preserving outer space for future generations. We note that this is an important objective on the current agenda of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS). In this respect, we welcome the decision by the UNCOPUOS Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee Working Group on Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities to conclude negotiations and achieve consensus on the full set of guidelines for the long term sustainability of outer space activities by 2018 to coincide with the commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the first United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE + 50).

    People-to-People Exchanges

    60. We emphasize the importance of people-to-people exchanges to promoting development and enhancing mutual understanding, friendship and cooperation among BRICS peoples. We agree to deepen cooperation in such fields as culture, education, science and technology, sports and health as well as among media organizations and local governments, to strengthen the third pillar of BRICS cooperation and foster a meaningful resonance of the BRICS partnership amongst its peoples.

    61. We value cultural diversity as a precious asset of BRICS cooperation. We stress the role of culture and cultural diversity in promoting sustainable development, and encourage BRICS countries to engage in cultural exchanges and mutual learning to cultivate common values on the basis of diversity and sharing. We welcome the formulation of a BRICS action plan to advance practical cultural cooperation and the establishment of the BRICS Alliance of Libraries, Alliance of Museums, Alliance of Art Museums and National Galleries as well as Alliance of Theaters for Children and Young People. We look forward to the success of the BRICS Culture Festival to be held later in mid-September 2017 in Xiamen. We will continue our work on the establishment of a BRICS Cultural Council to provide the necessary platform to enhance cultural cooperation among BRICS countries.

    62. We stress the importance of education to promoting sustainable economic and social development, and to strengthening BRICS partnership, and commend the positive progress in our education cooperation. We reiterate our support for BRICS University League and BRICS Network University in conducting education and research cooperation, welcome efforts to promote cooperation among educational think tanks, and exchanges among youth including by organizing youth summer camps and offering more scholarship opportunities to BRICS students. We agree to share experience and practices in realizing education-related sustainable development goals.

    63. We believe in the importance of sports cooperation to popularizing traditional sports and deepening the friendship among BRICS peoples. Recalling the successful hosting of BRICS U-17 Football Tournament in Goa in 2016, we commend the success of the First BRICS Games, which was a highlight of this year's people-to-people exchanges. We encourage relevant departments to sign an MOU on sports cooperation to provide greater impetus to sports cooperation among our five countries.

    64. We agree to enhance BRICS role in global health governance, especially in the context of the World Health Organization and UN agencies, and foster the development and improve the availability of innovative medical products through promotion of research and development and access to affordable, quality, effective and safe drugs, vaccines, diagnostics and other medical products and technologies as well as to medical services through enhanced health systems and health financing. We agree to improve surveillance capacity and medical services to combat infectious diseases, including Ebola, HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, as well as non-communicable diseases and encourage greater application of ICTs to improve the level of health service provision. We welcome the outcomes of the BRICS Health Ministers Meeting and High-level Meeting on Traditional Medicine, and commend the establishment of a long-term mechanism for traditional medicine exchanges and cooperation, to promote mutual learning of traditional medicines and pass them down to future generations. We welcome the decision to set up the Tuberculosis Research Network, to be presented at the First WHO Global Ministerial Conference Ending Tuberculosis in the Sustainable Development Era: A Multisectoral Response, Moscow, Russian Federation, 16-17 November 2017. We express support for the meeting as well as the First United Nations General Assembly High-Level Meeting on Tuberculosis in 2018. We commit ourselves to enhanced cooperation at international fora on health matters including at G20.

    65. We reaffirm our commitment to promote a long-term and balanced demographic development and continue cooperation on population related matters in accordance with the Agenda for BRICS Cooperation on Population Matters for 2015-2020.

    66. We note with satisfaction the progress in the exchanges and cooperation in various areas, including governance, film-making, media, think-tank, youth, parliament, local governments and trade union, and agree to further advance such exchanges and cooperation. We commend the first joint film production by BRICS countries and commend the success of the BRICS Film Festival, the Media Forum, Friendship Cities and Local Governments Cooperation Forum, Youth Forum, Young Diplomats Forum and Young Scientists Forum. We appreciate the successful hosting of the BRICS Forum of Political Parties, Think-Tanks and Civil Society Organizations as well as the Seminar on Governance, and will carry these good initiatives forward in the future. In this regard, we note the proposal to establish by China the BRICS Research and Exchange Fund.

    67. We appreciate the important progress in BRICS institutional development and reiterate our commitment to further strengthen it to make BRICS cooperation more responsive to the changing situation. We commend China for taking measures during its Chairmanship to enhance the Sherpas' coordination role in BRICS cooperation. We instruct the Sherpas to continue their discussion concerning BRICS institutional development.

    68. We recommit our strong support for multilateralism and the central role of the UN in international affairs. We commit to strengthening the coordination and cooperation among BRICS in the areas of mutual and common interests within the UN and other multilateral institutions, including through regular meetings among our permanent representatives in New York, Geneva and Vienna, and further enhance the voice of BRICS in international fora.

    69. In continuation of BRICS tradition of outreach since the Durban Summit, we will hold a Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the building of broad partnerships for development under the theme of "Strengthening Mutually-Beneficial Cooperation for Common Development" in promotion of BRICS Plus cooperation.

    70. South Africa, Brazil, Russia and India commend China's Chairmanship in 2017 and express sincere gratitude to the Government and people of China for hosting the Ninth BRICS Summit in Xiamen.

    71. China, Brazil, Russia and India extend full support for South Africa in hosting the Tenth BRICS Summit in 2018.


    Annex 1 : BRICS Cooperation Outcome Documents

    The following outcome documents have been adopted.

    Press Communique of the BRICS Leaders Informal Meeting in Hamburg Political and Security Cooperation

    1.Media Note of the Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs/International Relations
    2. BRICS Roadmap of Practical Cooperation on Ensuring Security in the Use of ICTs
    3. Joint Communique on the Meeting of BRICS Special Envoys on Middle East Economic Cooperation
    1. BRICS Action Agenda on Economic and Trade Cooperation
    2. Seventh Meeting of the BRICS Trade Ministers Statement
    3. BRICS Trade in Services Cooperation Roadmap
    4. Framework on Strengthening the Economic and Technical Cooperation for BRICS Countries
    5. BRICS E-Commerce Cooperation Initiative
    6. Terms of Reference (ToR) of BRICS E-Commerce Working Group
    7. Terms of Reference (ToR) of BRICS Model E-Po
    8. BRICS IPR Cooperation Guidelines
    9. Outlines for BRICS Investment Facilitation
    10. Agreed Elements of Financial Deliverables of 2017 BRICS Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting
    11. BRICS Good Practices on PPP Frameworks
    12. Action Plan for Deepening Industrial Cooperation Among BRICS Countries
    13. Declaration of the Third BRICS Communications Ministers' Meeting
    14. Strategic Framework of BRICS Customs Cooperation
    15. BRICS Action Plan for Innovation Cooperation (2017-2020)
    16. Hangzhou Declaration of the 5th BRICS Science, Technology & Innovation (STI) Ministerial Meeting
    17. Action Plan 2017-2018 in the Framework of BRICS 2015-2018 STI Work Plan
    18. Communique of BRICS Heads of Tax Authorities Meeting
    19. BRICS Memorandum of Cooperation in Respect of Tax Matters
    20. Declaration of the 2nd BRICS Energy Ministerial Meeting
    21. Tianjin Statement on Environment of the Third Meeting of BRICS Environment Ministers
    22. Joint Declaration of the Seventh Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Agriculture
    23. Action Plan 2017-2020 for Agricultural Cooperation of BRICS Countries
    24. BRICS Labour and Employment Ministers' Declaration
    25. The BRICS Action Plan for Poverty Alleviation and Reduction Through Skills
    26. Progress Report on the Implementation of the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership
    27. Interbank Local Currency Credit Line Agreement Under BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism
    28. Cooperation Memorandum Relating to Credit Ratings Under BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism
    29. BRICS Partnership for Urban Environmental Sustainability Initiative
    30. BRICS Joint Statistical Publication 2017
    31. Terms of Reference (ToR) of BRICS Research Infrastructure and Mega-Science Projects Working Group
    32. Terms of Reference (ToR) of BRICS Working Group on Science, Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Partnership
    33. Memorandum of Understanding Between BRICS Export Credit Agencies and the New Development Bank on General Cooperation
    34. The BRICS Common Position on Governance in the Future of Work
    35. BRICS Network of Labour Research Institutes Terms of Reference
    36. BRICS Social Security Cooperation Framework
    37. BRICS Agricultural Development Report 2017
    38. Joint Statement of BRICS Business Forum 2017
    39. Memorandum of Understanding Between the BRICS Business Council and the New Development Bank on Strategic Cooperation
    40. Joint Declaration of BRICS Business Council on Regulatory Cooperation on Standards

    People-to-People Exchanges
    1. Action Plan for the Implementation of the Agreement between the Governments of the BRICS States on Cooperation in the Field of Culture
    (2017-2021)
    2. Letter of Intent for BRICS Alliance of Libraries Cooperation
    3. Letter of Intent of the Founding of the BRICS Alliance of Museums
    4. Letter of Intent on the Founding of the BRICS Alliance of Art Museums and National Galleries
    5. Letter of Intent for Strategic Cooperation of the BRICS Alliance of Theater for Children and Young People
    6. Joint Declaration of BRICS Countries on Strengthening Cooperation in Traditional Medicine
    7. Tianjin Communique of BRICS Health Ministers Meeting
    8. Beijing Declaration on Education of the Fifth Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Education
    9. Action Plan of Promoting BRICS Media Cooperation
    10. 2017 BRICS Youth Forum Action Plan
    11. Chengdu Initiative of 2017 BRICS Friendship Cities and Local Governments Cooperation Forum
    12. Quanzhou Consensus of BRICS Seminar on Governance
    13. Fuzhou Initiative of the BRICS Political Parties, Think-Tanks and Civil Society Organizations Forum
    14. The 9th BRICS Academic Forum Recommendations to the 9th BRICS Summit
    15. Chengdu Consensus of the BRICS Film Delegations of the 2nd BRICS Film Festival
    16. BRICS Film Collaboration Plan for the Years 2017 to 2021
    17. BFA Program for BRICS Film Students and Talents
    18. Joint Declaration on Film Traditional Culture Inheritance and Creative Development of Young Talents
    19. BRICS Trade Union Forum Declaration
    20. Statement by BRICS Tr Trade Unions to the BRICS Labour and Employment Ministers' Meeting

    Note is also taken of the ongoing work on the following documents

    Economic Cooperation
    1. The Action Plan on BRICS IPR Cooperation
    2. Agreement on Cooperation on the BRCS Remote Sensing Satellite Constellation
    3. National Accounting Standards Setters of BRICS Countries Joint Statement
    4. BRICS Joint Statement on Audit Regulatory Cooperation

    People-to-People Exchanges
    1. Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of the Council of Regions of BRICS States
    2. Memorandum of Understanding on BRICS Sports Cooperation

    Annex 2: Xiamen Action Plan

    We take note of the following meetings and events held under China's BRICS Chairmanship before the Xiamen Summit.
    Ministerial Meetings and Relevant Events

    1. BRICS Leaders' Informal Meeting (7 July 2017, Hamburg)
    2. Meeting of BRICS High Representatives for Security Issues (27-28 July 2017, Beijing)
    3. Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs/International Relations (18-19 June 2017, Beijing)
    4. BRICS Sherpa/Sous-Sherpa Meetings (23-24 February 2017, Nanjing; 14-15 June 2017, Qingdao; 4-5 July 2017, Hamburg; September 2017, Xiamen)
    5. BRICS Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meetings/Finance and Central Bank Deputies Meeting (17 March 2017, Baden-Baden; 20 April 2017, Washington D.C.; 19 June 2017, Shanghai)
    6. BRICS Local Currency Bond Fund Working Group (20 April, Washington DC; 18 June 2017, Shanghai)
    7. BRICS Energy Ministerial Meeting (7 June 2017, Beijing)
    8. Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Agriculture and Agrarian Development (16-17 June 2017, Nanjing)
    9. BRICS Environment Ministers Meeting (22-23 June 2017, Tianjin)
    10. Meeting of BRICS Joint Committee on Space Cooperation (2-3 July 2017, Haikou)
    11. Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Education (4-5 July 2017, Beijing)
    12. Meeting of BRICS Customs Cooperation Committee (5 July 2017, Brussels)
    13. Meeting of BRICS Culture Ministers (5-6 July 2017, Tianjin)
    14. BRICS Health Ministers Meeting and High-level Meeting on Traditional Medicine (6-7 July 2017, Tianjin)
    15. BRICS Meeting of Drug Regulatory Collaboration (13-14 July 2017, Zhengzhou)
    16. BRICS Science, Technology & Innovation Ministerial Meeting (18 July 2017, Hangzhou)
    17. Meeting of BRICS Labor and Employment Ministers' Meeting (26-27 July 2017, Chongqing)
    18. BRICS Communications Ministers' Meeting (27-28 July 2017, Hangzhou)
    19. Meeting of BRICS Heads of Tax Authorities (27-28 July 2017, Hangzhou)
    20. BRICS Industry Ministers Meeting (29-30 July 2017, Hangzhou)
    21. Meeting of the BRICS Trade Ministers (1-2 August 2017, Shanghai)
    22. Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of the New Development Bank (1-2 April 2017, New Delhi)
    23. BRICS Business Forum (3-4 September 2017, Xiamen)


    Senior Officials/Working Groups/Expert Meetings

    1. Meeting of BRICS Senior Officials on Environment (22 June 2017, Tianjin)
    2. Meeting of BRICS Senior Officials on Education (4 July 2017, Beijing)
    3. Meeting of BRICS Senior Officials on Culture (5 July 2017, Tianjin)
    4. BRICS Health Senior Officials Meeting (5 July 2017, Tianjin)
    5. Meeting of BRICS Senior Officials on Science, Technology & Innovation (17 July 2017, Hangzhou)
    6. BRICS Business Council (31 March 2017, New Delhi; 31 August-2 September 2017, Shanghai & Xiamen)
    7. BRICS Anti-Corruption Working Group Meetings (22 January 2017, Berlin; 9 April 2017, Brasilia)
    8. BRICS Intellectual Property Examiner Training Seminar (20-24 February 2017, Nagpur)
    9. BRICS Intellectual Property Coordination Group Meeting (22-23 February 2017, Nagpur)
    10. Meetings of BRICS Contact Group on Economic and Trade Issues (20-21 March 2017, Beijing; 23-25 May 2017, Beijing; 30-31 July 2017, Shanghai)
    11. Technical Meeting of BRICS National Statistics Offices (27-29 March 2017, Shanghai)
    12. BRICS Working Group Meeting of Customs (29-31 March 2017, Xiamen)
    13. Consultation of BRICS Middle East Special Envoys (11-12 April 2017, Visakhapatnam)
    14. BRICS Employment Working Group Meetings (19 April 2017, Yuxi; 25 July 2017, Chongqing)
    15. BRICS Environmental Working Group Meeting (25-27 April 2017, Tianjin)
    16. BRICS Counter Terrorism Working Group Meeting (18 May 2017, Beijing)
    17. First Meeting of BRICS Intellectual Property Rights Mechanism (23 May 2017, Beijing)
    18. Working Group for the Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Culture (25 May 2017, Beijing)
    19. BRICS Science, Technology & Innovation Funding Working Group Meeting (28-31 May 2017, Pretoria)
    20. Meeting of BRICS Working Group on Security in the Use of ICTs (1-2 June 2017, Beijing)
    21. Working Group Meeting on BRICS Energy Saving and Improvement of Energy Efficiency (5 June 2017, Beijing)
    22. Meeting of Heads of BRICS Export Credit Agencies (12-15 June 2017, Hangzhou)
    23. BRICS Working Group Meetings on Agricultural Cooperation (15 June 2017, Nanjing)
    24. Technical Group Meeting of BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism (28-29 June 2017, Beijing)
    25. Working Group Meeting on Interbank Cooperation Mechanism (28-29 June 2017, Beijing)
    26. Meeting of BRICS Heads of Delegation on AML (18-23 June 2017, Spain)
    27. BRICS Foreign Policy Planning Dialogue (20-21 July 2017, Beijing)
    28. BRICS Consultation of Experts on Peace-keeping Affairs (25 July 2017, Beijing)
    29. Meeting of BRICS Experts on Tax Matters (25-26 July 2017, Hangzhou)
    30. BRICS Working Group Meeting on ICT Cooperation (26 July 2017, Hangzhou)
    31. BRICS Anti-Drug Working Group Meeting (16 August 2017, Weihai)
    32. Annual Meeting of Interbank Cooperation Mechanism and Financial Forum (31 August - 2 September 2017, Beijing)
    33. Meeting of BRICS Heads of Intellectual Property Offices (6-7 April 2017, New Delhi)
    34. BRICS Working Group on Science, Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Partnership (9 April, Bengaluru)
    35. BRICS Working Group on ICT and High Performance Computing (23-26 April, Guangzhou)
    36. BRICS Working Group on Research Infrastructure and Mega-Science Projects (15-16 May, Dubna)
    37. BRICS Working Group on Solid State Lighting (19-24 June 2017, Hangzhou)


    People-to-people Exchanges Events and Other Meetings
    1. BRICS Young Diplomats Forum (30 May - 3 June 2017, Beijing & Linyi)
    2. BRICS Media Forum (6-8 June 2017, Beijing)
    3. BRICS Think-Tank Council Meeting (10 June 2017, Fuzhou)
    4. BRICS Political Parties, Think Tanks and Civil Society Organizations Forum (10-12 June 2017, Fuzhou)
    5. BRICS Games (17-21 June 2017, Guangzhou)
    6. BRICS Film Festival (23-27 June 2017, Chengdu)
    7. BRICS Friendship Cities and Local Governments Cooperation Forum (11-13 July 2017, Chengdu)
    8. BRICS Trade Union Forum (24-25 July 2017, Beijing)
    9. BRICS Youth Forum (24-28 July 2017, Beijing)
    10. BRICS Young Scientist Forum (11-15 July 2017, Hangzhou)
    11. BRICS Seminar on Governance (17-18 August 2017, Quanzhou)
    12. BRICS Heads of Prosecution Services Meeting (August 2017, Brazil)
    13. BRICS Think-Tank Symposiums (22 March 2017, Beijing; 15 May 2017, Guangzhou; 20 May 2017, Chongqing)
    14. BRICS International Festival of Theatre Schools (14-21 May 2017, Moscow)
    15. Meeting of BRICS Cooperation in the Field of Competition Law (16-20 May 2017, St. Petersburg)
    16. Annual Forum "BRICS: Boosting Economic Cooperation" (1-3 June 2017, St. Petersburg)
    17. BRICS Supreme Audit Institutions' Technical Cooperation Meeting (June 28-29, 2017, Pretoria)
    18. International Congress of Women of SCO and BRICS Countries (2-4 July 2017, Novosibirsk)

    We further take note of the upcoming meetings and events under China's BRICS Chairmanship

    1. The Foreign Ministers Meeting on the margins of UNGA
    2. The Fifth BRICS Sherpa/Sous-Sherpa Meeting
    3. BRICS Parliamentary Forum
    4. Meeting of BRICS Heads of National Statistics Offices
    5. BRICS Trade Fair
    6. BRICS Legal Advisor Consultation
    7. BRICS Forum on SOE Reform and Governance
    8. Meeting of BRICS Cooperation in the Field of Competition Law
    9. Third Forum on Small Business of the SCO and BRICS Regions
    10. BRICS International Competition Conference
    11. BRICS Working Group on Astronomy (21-22 September, Pune)
    12. BRICS Export Credit Agencies Technical Workshop (31 October-3 November, Nanjing)
    13. BRICS Working Group on Materials Science and Nanotechnology (26-27 October 2017, Yekaterinburg)
    14. Annual International Academic Conference "Foresight and STI Policy" (1-2 November, Moscow)
    15. BRICS Working Group on Biotechnology and Biomedicine, including Human Health and Neuroscience (15-16 November, 2017, Moscow)
    16. BRICS meeting on Ageing

    Proposals to be further explored

    Ocean Cooperation

    2. Establishment of the PPP Project Preparation Fund


    3. Establishment of the BRICS Energy Cooperation Platform


    4. BRICS Remote Sensing Satellite Constellation

    Y


    5. Establishment of the BRICS Customs Training Center in Xiamen


    6. Establishment of the BRICS Cultural Council
    7. Establishment of the BRICS Council of Region
    8. Tourism Cooperation
    9. Creation of the Working Group on Regional Aviational Aviation

     

    Did you know that the main reason why the 20th centry was one of world wars was that while in racing to access to thousands to million times more power than that of a horse, the addiction to carbon of first places to spin this biggere and bigger caused Industrial Revolutions most developed nations to go to war when they had run out of their own carbon or to surpress trade with colonies to that the empire got the carbon energy; a related flaw of IR1 was the opportunity 

    Would you be happy with the idea that every goodwiled nation shoudl be thanking our luck stars if the a leader of a billion smart people now knew that his half a billion youth's sustainability depended on them making productive friednships with all youth eberywhere 

     These are 2 urgently relevant ideas of the curriculum of Entreprenurial Revolution stared as a dilague @ The Economist in 1968. This website tries to help anyone who wants to understand ER do so in an hour- but we ask youth to give back- if you do agree with ER then co-blog out of one of 20 Economist sub-blogs- what Q&A do your peopels most need to share with whom so we can all value the half the wprld aged under 30 as the sustainability generation

     

    Are we designing the world around realistic achievement of a handful of overall goals? Are these 5 an optimal combo? For examplel

    if we were doing all five   everywhere we exchnage value would peace and personal safely be blossoming everywhere too?

     

    1. green renewability
    2. win-win market designs wherever mobilisation of learning tech makes this possible instead of zero-sum 
    3. girls (their lives health and productive development as well as mother earth's natural rules) lifup half the world
    4. ending systemic poverty
    5. communities progessing our childrens livelihoods as brighter than our own   

     

     

    while we have no argument if all nations of the world can trust each other to govern 17 goals, mathematically

    factoring a lot of goals to a minimum number connecting all the goals makes real-time mediation possible/trnasparent; 

    people cant measure success by 17 goals all of which may have tensions - so what happens is professions who choose one number to audit above all others commit the world's biggest maths errors (capable of ending our species)

     

     

     

    Norman Macrae is known as one of the people who foresaw what futures are possible

    In1962 he predicted japan (better systems of microelectronics (without which computers wouldnt exist,

    intel developed programable silicon chip because a japanese calculator firm gave it such a large order

    but it dindt one to be locked into one suppliers specifications,) and civil engieering (eg bullet train)

    and trading operations( eg container superports and cities where trade was smooth) and the east would rise and rise;

    by 1976 he was inviting world leaders and readers of The Economist to 

    map why the whole world needed to celebrate china being the epicentre of all the collaboration

    challenges the net generation would systemically/exponentially need to innovate- to norman the alternative

    that over one sixth of a most civilised race on earth be uneremployed in age of connectivity (death of cost of

    distance as main factor in organisation) was terrifying; 

     

    in 1968 when it was clear to norman that man would land on the moon he started designing entreprenurial revolution:

    the Q&A curriculum of assuming man keeps doubling spend on Learning & Communications Technolgies every 7

    \years to 2030- will spending over 4000 times more on LCT versus 1946 turn out brilaintly well or terrifyingly badly

     

    as you may know both science fiction writers and scientists (eg Einstein) had developed the negative end game of

    Big Brotherdom . ER would need peoples all over the world to change ahead of time- otherwise BB was where 

    systems were designed to spin us. Norman was prepared to question history way beyong any nation's conventional wisdom-

    he had anadvatage as a diaspora scot (most of us were alteady living around tge world in 1850 since we had been

    colonised by Empire maker England in early 1700s; this norman saw fatal flaws in Industrial revolution; 

     

    to innovate was extremely unevenly distributed geographically-so while one parft of the world was racing to the moon, at least a third in the 1960s had no access to electricity grids

     

    norman didnt know what futures would happen but he did try and mediate what futures would all 7.5 billion people though he would value the assumption of sustaining the human race for our chldres chldren

    - In fact The Economst was funded in 1843 to severely and publicly examine the world's biggest decsions-makers ahead of time? would you agree that is an essential purspoe of media (otherwise hi-trust as the core flow adam smith demanded of every market will not be realised across generations)

     

    Norman had survived world war as teenager navigating planes over modernday bangaldesh/myanmar

    -he therefore didnt like wars nor stalins nor hitlers and loved seeing former enemies connect win-win trades 





    US hubs & thinktanks valuing China friendships most 1 2 3 rsvp isabella@unacknowledgedgiant.com
    That the world's top 3 job creators come from Eastern hempisphere should suprise nobody who values youth economies
    or whose tracked human deveiopment since man landed on the moon. How worldwide their
    job creating superskills are is a reason for joy we can all celebrate;
    do you live in a place (or your own social network)
    that wants to do trades (and co-create jobs) with other nations
    that do good for mother earth or help youth create innovations/apps
    thst were never possible until we were all mobile connected
    no leader we can find spends more time surveying such trades
    and investments than china's xi jinping
    ok he's responsible for futures of half a billion under 30 chinese
    but they cant solve climate on their own; there's no point designing a healthy app and walling it in
    they want trades that make all youth/girls happier and productive  
    -have a look   .. A1 A2 A3  
    ask china

     

    .green big bang - ideas for

    creating billion green jobs..

    sponge city  ..............................................................................................

     

    Aug 2017 great news on china's 4 newest ways to create jobs:

    bike co-sharing, fast trains, mobile money, online shopping

    Leadership summits E1 Xi Jinping hosts never seem to be about top people chatting;

    they always launch new sustainability generation opportunities such as green big bang club which emerged

    from a summit in korea where 80 national delegations were invited to cross-examine

    the new aisan infrastructure investment bank - next summit in this series mumbai june 2018

    or look at what happened when China staged the G20 Hangzhou 2016 and how much the

    world hopes franciscan youth will linkin their ideas for china-latin trade at argentina g20 2018 .................................................


     E2 Sir Fazle Abed - face up to the truth that the world has left the greatest sustainabgility challemnges to be solved

    by networks linking in the world's poorest goals- sir fazle discovered the 7 most critical markets to redesign value round:

    health of infants and mothers, food. land and water security, resilience /disaster relief and redevelopment ,

    education, finance, mobile tech leapfroging, green energy and climate- all of these markets required different business and direct funding models so very poorest 

    not just included but integral to changing cultures and adapting to how 1000 times more investment in tech of being connected has made

    next few years the most exciting to be alive as we the peoples determine sustainability of our species 

     brac1.0 - the purpose of food and drink markets - while americans were racing to the moon in the 1960s, the place that became the nation of Bangladesh and China were facoing chalenge - how to design food markets so that famine doesnt happen (40 million people died in one chiense famine), and in particuloar how do we get local nutrition to nursing mothers and infants during the furst 1000 days that most determine whether their brain grows; china and sir fazle abed partnered on rice science- developing varieties for almost every diverse condition that the poorest harvest- this was the most important startch to end famine- in bangladesh sir fazle abed went on to redesign value chains of vegetables. poultry and milk so that livelihoods of poorest village mothers led these matkets. Sir Fazle also tried to import china's idea of barefoot doctirs; but bangaldesh didnt have qualified people whoi wanted to live in the village- so he focused on oral rehydration and other most basic health services mothers and infants needed- hundereds oif thoiusands of para health servant jobns in te vikages were created and both children and mother mortality rates came down to pars in the region; all teh while sir fazle reinvented charity- designing microifrachsies with poositve cashflows so that solutions replicated through every village grassroots womens networks ; next came finacial services vikage mothers needed; and schools (here direct cash transfers were inovated so that the brightest primary school girls won secinadry scholarshipos; in these and other ways the 8th largest nation launched in 1971 a poorest in teh wporld became the lab for extreme solutions to all sustainability goals- the reputation of bangaldesh for designing the most exciting solutions with the least made it the partbnership nation of choice for thsie whoi wanted to experiment with mobile and solar to end poverty - bangladesh now has over 20 yeras of developing 2.0 solutions and sir fazle abed's www.bkash.com now blends with all the knowhow that brac built in the days (when vilages without electrricity) depended on action learning communications person to person,living in viklages to bring the poorest the first opportunities to leapfrog with tech innovations

    ....
    xxWorld Record Job Creators (WRJC) – W99 Smith, W98 Wilson, W97 Keynes
    2017-2022 THE LAST 5 YEARS OF YOUTHS ANY WORLD IS POSSIBLE
     
    WRJC share a curious habit. They look around at communities and see lots of work to be done. Of course, the most life critical work varies by time and place. For example, America may be the richest (most powerful) nation. But people in many of its communities are both sad and feel ever more unsafe, they start to fear each other. Naturally speaking: eleven year old girls are better measurers  of community wellbeing than politicians in high congresses or the academic they hire in ivory towers. Girls approaching adolescence can tell you where a place has too many guns, drugs, makes their body unsafe to be, or not be.
     
    Recently The Lancet has also advocated that girls of this age make better peer to peer teachers on adolescent health than anyone else. This is an example of a “missing curriculum” –one that digital media if it was truly social could help celebrate local heroines of.   Moreover brain science shows extreme adaptive (communally creative ) capabilities at this age. Our species has been designed to be locally curious, diverse in cultural empowerment. Between 2016 and 1946 we bet the species on investing in 1000 times more tech connectivity of communications and learning. Would the endgame be big brotherdom or joy of little sisters?
     
    For curious educators, The Lancet and its mainly Australian adolescent research teams offer a wonderful amplification of early 20th c work by Gandhi and particularly his main education adviser Maria Montesorri . This has been added to half a century later by Franciscan alumni of Paulo Freire whose work in turn has been blended with Gandhi’s and magically reinterpreted as muslim girls networks ended poverty and built what otherwise would have been the largest failed nation: Bangladesh .
     
    Vocational schooling valuing peer to peer apprenticeship designs helps makes communities self-sufficient around basic life-blossoming skills, and service microfranchsies. Schooling systems based on this exploratory idea have very different consequences than those based on examining the world (and certifying individual future potential) as if there is always only one correct answer (already known). For those who #2030now wish to invest in the youngest half of the world as the sustainability #learninggeneration, the truth is : there has never been a greater need to open spaces to innovation all over our global village world.
     
    Fortunately mathematicians who have read Einstein know how to prove why servant leaders ,like sir fazle abed are correct in saying: small is beautiful and large scaling is absolutely essential if girls are to end poverty – let alone lift up half the sky as Chinese culture sees it . Einstein’s systemic finding needs to be celebrated now wherever life and livelihoods blossom: whenever male scientists say there is nothing more to innovate what they actually mean is they need to model relationship dynamics at a more micro level than ever previously achieved. To do that requires an entrepreneurial revolution in mircoeconomics that big bankers feds and eg paper currencies are least competent to co-create
     
    In 2017, now that we have some expereience of experimenting with the internet and its universal mobilisation: Is it possible for world trade to be designed round big data gets ever smaller in its applicability to communities?. Bravo Jack Ma for saying 2008 “our chinese idea of how e-commerce can free bottom-up community trading maybe half crazy but we are not stupid”. Jack was too polite to say to Bill Clinton’s global audience: and subprime economics may be half-crazy but it is stupid. Voicing after all is a responsibility for youth whose mother tongue is English. 9 year old new yorker shames 3000 adults jan 2008 

    What Everybody Needs to Know First About Economics

    Economics designs peoples futures but this depends on what logics are analysed- here are the logics The Economist used in the early 19080s when it discussed how the net gneration could be the most productive time for youth

      

    A nation/place cannot sustain growth unless its capital is structured so that family's savings are invested in their next generation's productivity. Norman Macrae's 1954 book on The London Capital Market provides chapter and verse. Historically it was timely as London's industrial revolution had planted most of the developed world's laws and financial instruments. Futurewise this book became a source for Norman's forty years of leadership challenges including 3000 editorials. THese became branded in the 2 genres of entrepreneurial revolution and future history of the net generation genre which he focused on from 1972. They script in practical details most of the changes that economists would need to make to historic rules if globalisation is not to collapse the worldwide financial system of 2010s

    Norman framed his writings on future purposes huan most wanted around the idea that The Net Generation to 2024 would face change on a scale never previously experienced by our human race. To prevent risks and celebrate job creating opportunities Norman proposed in his 1984 book (The 2024 Report) that the world should unite around youth's most exciting millennium goal. He explained why economics would design the most popular futures if the goal was chosen as racing to end poverty everywhere. Reasons included: its possible, its exciting, it creates jobs post-industrial generation will need to design around collaborative technology, it can empower youth to joyfully unite cultures as we become borderless (more connected than separated), it aligns economics principles with nature's exponentially (compounding) rules of evolutionary selection which are community-up and open.

     download more profiles of 100 collaboration leaders of 2010s = youths most productuive decade 

     

    We are shocked how few people know of the main findings of the renowned economist Maynard Keynes- increasingly only economics riles the world and the greatest risk to the future working lives of our children comes from elderly macroeconomists who hire themselves out to the biggest who want to get bigger.



    Historically when faulty systems of macroeconomists ruined civilisations they fell one by one. But Einstein took Keynes logic further and hypothesised that the first generation to become more connected than separated by technology would be subject to a final exam. Now if we let erroneous macroeconomists rule whole continents of nations will collapse.



    By 1976 my father (Norman macrae) -probably the last student of economics mentored by Keynes-  was writing at The Economist why the next half century would see the net generation tested - he called upon the genre of Entrepreneurial Revolution (ER) networkers to sort out the greatest  innovation challenge economics - and so the human race - will ever face .

     

     

    logo320.jpg.

    The opportunity of 10 times more productivity for the net generation (with million times more collaboration technology than man's 1960's race to moon)

    .The THREAT is preventing the threat of collapsing continent-wide system of value exchange. By 2020 the (exponential track impacting future) sustainanbilyty of every village around the globe will likely be lost or won

    ..logo3responsibility.jpg...How could we be experiencing record youth unemployent when we are living in a time of a million times more collaboration tech than a generation ago? According to research by Entrepreneur networks started at The Economist in 1976, we are 36 years off track in compounding 2 unustainable systems whose follies multiply each other
    • that caused by non-economic media which also distracts us with glossy images and soiundbites instead of future realities and integrated cross-cultural and inter-generational understanding - full briefing here
    • World's biggest maths error compounded by macroeconomists and all global professions with a ruling monopoly - see below
    Discuss: what does everyone need to know about the way economists think and behave. Understand 2 opposite segments of E : The Unacknowledged Microeconomist and the Fatally Conceited.MacroEconomist

    Keynes - because economics will incresingly rule the world, the greatest danger to the futures of youth is elderly macroeconomists where fame maks them compete to superpower over peoples  

     Boulding: ****the historic significance of capitalism is precisely a society in which exchange has become a more important source of power than threat**** in his book economics as science

    Von hayek- given the fatal conceit in my profession, I really think you shouldn't be doing this - awarding me a first Nobel Prize in economics 
    freedom of speech and everything about the future you want, NOW depends on enough people knowing how to play the value exchange game - and why that isnt exactly what the game of monopoly teaches - an exchange is where each side says I wants something from you so let's work out what I can do for you and purposefully improve on this over time through hi-trust communal feedback
    debate difference between true capitalism and phoney capitalism
    • agree on a picture like that on the right- we have seen cases where one of the 10 coordinates shown felt the system had betrayed their greatest trust, and so zeroised the organsaition or network (even ones that accountants had been reprorting record profits ahd $100 billion equity
    •  start discussing multi-win models - see our 4 favorites from 36 years of debates with entrepreneuruial revoltionaries
    • choose say 12 markets whose future purpose is most vital to sustaining your children - and use media to agree what the greatest human purpose and corresponding mkilennium goals are that need investing in to fee each market and youth's working lives in serving the most valuable purpose
    • get those (including all parents?) who save across generations to throw out speculators from banking systems and capital markets - eg next time there is a bailout (which means taking your childrens money to refinance a bank) wipe out shareholders; let them set lawyers on old managers and any politicians their pr's lobbied; keep savings accounts safe; restructure bank so that it invests in youth productivity and sustaining communities not bubbles, and not trapping people in debt

    Goodwill explains up to 90% of value impacts of any organsaition in a networked economy- yet no nation yet requires that organisations it licences to audit goodwii. 20 years of research has proved the following reciprocal relationship - the purposeful question" who would uniquely miss what if your organsaition did not exist?, has the reciprocal question why let your organisation contnue to exist if it has broken my life-crtiical trust it promised to serve

    joyofeconomics.jpg

    .........................................

    valuetrue capitalism maps how each side win-win-win from other sides communal purpose over time -this  goes back over 250 years to the criteria of free markets adam smith demanded freedom of speech questioned - he talked about the transparency of community markets where a rogue trader might fool some of the people but not for long and not for too big to fail! - the journal of social business edited by adam smith scholars at his alma mater Glasgow University advises people of any other tongue how to build up from adam's hi-trust ideas to such constructs as sustainable global vilage networking first mapped by schumacher (another keynes alumni) - we have a library of free articles for you to choose and translate from

    phoney capitalism spins a monopoly, a non-free maket - one side rules by saying I want to take more and more from all of you- esentially this is what rules when global accountants audit only how much one side has profited/extracted withouth how much has it sustains other sides- phoney capitalism can only result in exponentai meltdown becuase so much has been extracetd from system that its unsustainable for human lives or for nature or for both
     
     

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  • MORE ABOUT WHERE VALUING NETGEN CAME FROM

    - in the 1990s I was working with big 5 accountants; I argued for a missing audit they needed to do as regularly as their monetisation audit; I called this how goodwill modelling multiplies value around a gravitational purspoe ewhise gials all sides want to progress over time; it turns out that in knowlege scetors over 90% of the future is bayesian predicatbale on quality of goodwill relationships-3 yeras before andersen crashed I usd this model to warn them that if they stoped multiplying conflicts around true and fair they would be zeroised by society- I didnt succeed in getting my advice to be acted on but at that time unseen wealth publications made by brookings and georgetwon had just been banned by the incolimng bush adminsitration - who didnt like to be told that without the second aidt risks would compound unseen- every collapse USA has seen a hand in during 2000s (and viralised to other nations since 2008) can be traced to this mathenatical error

    what can be done about this mess
    -debate difference between true cpaitalism and phoney capitalsim
    choose say 12 markets hose future purpose is most vital to sustaining your children - and use media to aggree what the greatest huan purspose and corresponding mkilennium goals are that need investing in
    get thse who save across generations to throw out speculators from bankiing systems - eg next time there is a bailout (which means taking your childrens money to refinace a bank) wipe out sharehilers; let them set lawyers on old managers and any politicians their pr's lobbied; keep savings acconts safe; restructure bank so that it invests in youth productivity and sustaining communities not bubbles, and trapping people in debt
    -if you do this today's millions times more coalbration technology than a generation ago can make the next decade the most productive time and joyful for youty and everyine to be alive instead of the most dismal time where natios led by old macroecnomist put youth out of work
    DO YOU KNOW...
    Q: Original Purpose of Economics? A The Scotland of the 1750s was at the end of a first generation to have found their country taken over by England's Empire., So Adam Smith was motivated to start writing about how to design systems so that peoples could could look forward to their next generation sustaining more productive lives than they had had ... 7 quarters later keynes general theory issued humanity's greatest challenge- economics as a systems science had reached the state that only economics rules the world ... moreQ: What do the man-made systems that rule the world look like? A Purposeful value exchanges composed round 5 main flows of how productively peoples lives are used and 5 main demands human beings make as co-workers, customers, owners, stewards of the globe, stewards of society at the village level - moreQ: Why can't human race in 21st C be sustained with choice of economics made by 20th C biggest banks and govs etc? A Long Story: ER alumni are in their 37th year of offering debating scripts eg1 on wht some industrial age systems after world war 2 were designed to be too big to exist as the first net generation became more connected than separated by geographical borders ... What is known is that 2010s is most exciting decade to be an entrpreneur because our impacts define what will be possible for all our childrens' children more 

    World Class Brands are in 25th year (as a subnetwork of Norman Macrae's Entrepreneurial Revolution) of helping sustain the most purposeful organsiations or markets in the world. Core to any charter of purpose is a quiz revolving round this question
    - who would uniquely miss what if this didn't exist?. From this Q&A's list of trust-flows, economics maps how to connect producers and demanders of the exchange in multi-win models of purpose. Henceforth, potential conflicts with this goodwill model are audited and resolved at every cycle so that unique purpose is celebrated to lead the future by continuously multiplying the most value and trust. This model provides the simplest benchmark around all exponential impact metrics of sustainability investement can be calculated and the transparency of all multi-win models are webbed around pro-youth economics. Questions welcomed chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk washington dc hotline 1 301 881 1655

     jam.jpg

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    logo3responsibility.jpg...How could we be experiencing record youth unemployent when we are living in a time of a million times more collaboration tech than a generation ago? According to research by Entrepreneur networks started at The Economist in 1976, we are 36 years off track in compounding 2 unustainable systems whose follies multiply each other
    • that caused by non-economic media which also distracts us with glossy images and soiundbites instead of future realities and integrated cross-cultural and inter-generational understanding - full briefing here

    .