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jinping transcript 14 may 2017 project of the century - belt road
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jinping transcript 14 may 2017 project of the century - belt road
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beltroadsummary14jinping2017.doc

beltroads.jpg 

Since the UN launched sustainability goals fal 2015, a consensus of over 50 national leaders has emerged. Under 30s in a country cannot be sustainble without all collaboratively celebrating a trifectia:

going green

going digital with big data small platofr,s and apps

world trade infrastructuire that includes all enterprises however small, however disconnected by the first industrial era : Belt Road mapping matches 2 or more countries in designing win-wins for their under 30s as sustainability generation

The East has risen in the last half century through connecting superports and overland corridors (typically rail and energy and telecommunications pipelines) . At every new bodrer connected the opportunity for youth cultural and skils exchnages can be hugely joyful socially , economically, peacefully and sustainably ... Join the debate out of your region -rsvp isabella@unacknowledgedgiant.com

jinping good news 

 World Record Book of Job Creation

E1 Xi Jinping (Rejuvenation global2.0; world's most transparent maps on win-win trade for allE99 Lee Kuan Yew E2 Sir Fazle Abed (world's favorite educator eg empowered girls to resolve poverty's greatest challenges, BRAC & Bkash)  

E3 Jack Ma leapfrog tech (big data small), ecommerce curriculum as one of china's 4 greatest inventions 1 -IR4  can develop 10 times bigger people-centred economics)  E98 Gandhi & Montessori & Mandela,  E4 Nilekani (bridges to English as 2nd most valuable language in world Modi, Kalam, Singh) W1 Tim Berners Lee (the www , we havent seen it yet- human collaboration can be so much bigger, bridge to any mit lab with human app) W2 Jim Kim being healthcare most courageous public servant lads to being the sanest western voice in world banking and most peace-loving North Korean American; ; W3 Pope Francis and W99 Pope John Paul; W4 Justin Trudeau , 



11 regions of mapping globalisation 2.0

10 dimension of Belt Century - china unites 30 national leaders in calling for open engineering ; MIT too

 stories of trade as co-buidling  civilisation - future history designing the century all families want to connect

peak trades reached by combinations of civilisations in win-win trading history- how much more is possible with today's millions times more connectivity technologies than eg silk road's camels 

-missing curriculum of all ages - towards a world in which every place's diversity of trade advantages is openly celebrated

connect with open learning networks eg rachel's world possible 

21st C Trade Infrastructure Belts and Roads Action maps 

designing railway across one third waistline of planet - eg china to spain : container relay, dry ports. building connection sections, tunnels etc; conecting cities and villages 

maritime superports; connecting rail and port 

energy grids and maximising green 

connection multipliers- within a nation, between 2 nations, across clusters of nations -eg if a railway is built between argentina and chile to conect atlantic and pacific oceans it also multiplies trade possiblities for many more nations 

globalization:2.0......................... leadership club acrss 11 regions from inside china , to half a planet away eg s.america- leaders & citizen vison connections - members include   
  • Afghanistan: Unspecified minister-level delegation
  • Argentina: President Mauricio Macri
  • Australia: Trade Minister Steve Ciobo
  • Azerbaijan: Economy Minister Shahin Mustafayev
  • Bangladesh: Unspecified minister-level delegation
  • Belarus: President Alexander Lukashenko
  • Brazil: Secretary for Strategic Affairs Hussein Ali Kalout
  • Cambodia: Prime Minister Hun Sen
  • Chile: President Michelle Bachelet
  • China: President Xi Jinping
  • Czech Republic: President Milos Zeman
  • Egypt: Trade and Industry Minister Tarek Kabil
  • Ethiopia: Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn
  • Fiji: Prime Minister Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama
  • Finland:  Minister of Transport and Communications of Finland Anne Berner
  • France: Jean-Pierre Raffarin, chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations, Defense and Armed Forces in the French Senate
  • Germany: Minister of Economic Affairs Brigitte Zypries
  • Greece: Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras
  • Hungary: Prime Minister Viktor Orban
  • Indonesia: President Joko Widodo
  • Iran: Minister of Economy and Finance Ali Tayebnia
  • Italy: Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni
  • Japan: LDP Secretary General Toshihiro Nikai
  • Kazakhstan: President Nursultan Nazarbayev
  • Kenya: President Uhuru Kenyatta
  • Kyrgyzstan: President Almazbek Atambayev
  • Kuwait: Minister of the Amiri Diwan Affairs Sheikh Nasser Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber
  • Laos: President Bounnhang Vorachith
  • Malaysia: Prime Minister Najib Razak
  • Maldives: Economic Minister Mohamed Saeed
  • Mongolia: Prime Minister Jargaltulga Erdenebat
  • Myanmar: State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Romania: Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Environment Gratiela Gavrilescu
  • Nepal: Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Krishna Bahadur Mahara
  • New Zealand:  Science and Innovation Minister Paul Goldsmith
  • North Korea: Confirmed to be sending an official delegation;  the delegation will be led by Kim Yong-jae, the North Korean minister of external economic relations, according to a number of South Korean media reports
  • Pakistan: Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif
  • Philippines: President Rodrigo Duterte
  • Poland: Prime Minister Beata Szydło
  • Russia: President Vladimir Putin
  • Saudi Arabia: Minister of Energy, Industry, and Mineral Resources Khalid Al-Falih
  • Serbia: Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic
  • Singapore: Minister for National Development and Second Minister for Finance Lawrence Wong
  • South Korea: Ambassador to China Kim Jang-sooPark Byeong-seug, National Assembly member for the Democratic Party
  • Spain: Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy
  • Sri Lanka: Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
  • Switzerland: President Doris Leuthard
  • Syria: unspecificed minister-level delegation
  • Thailand: five ministers: Minister of Foreign Affairs Don Pramudwinai, Minister of Transportation Arkhom Termpittayapaisith, Minister of Commerce Apiradi Tantraporn, Minister of Digital for Economy and Society Pichet Durongkaveroj, and Minister of Science and Technology Atchaka Sibunruang
  • Tunisia: Culture Minister Mohamed Zine El-Abidine
  • Turkey: President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
  • UAE: Dr. Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, Minister of State and Group CEO of ADNOC
  • Ukraine: unspecified official delegation
  • United Kingdom: Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond
  • United States: Matt Pottinger, National Security Council senior director for Asia
  • Uzbekistan: President Shavkat Mirziyoyev
  • Vietnam: President Tran Dai Quang
  •  student learning exchanges cultural exchanges 

    science parks and skills transfer spaces- analagous local lessons from world of one belt road experiments; mapping back digital 4th industrial revolution at same time as mapping jobs and natural resource renewability

     

    sustainability goals-intergeneration collaboration goals  -tipping points connectivity: uniting civilisations opportunities ahead of threatswhats most needed for peace, inclusion what makes globalsiation positive for all peoples 

    benchmark projects including how they were financed 

    mapping how rising exponential models  need new financial skils- eg making transparent what are the core megatrends of human progress we are making intergenerational investments in

    examples of empowering local by ending national boundaries to freeing trade what is connection between BELT ROAD FORUM, UN SD goals, and all world record job creaytion platforms including those multiplying through every G20 citiznes newtorks annually starting with China G20 2016 and maximising each G20 inpiut - eg 2017 german host, 2018 argentinna host, 2019 india hist 

     140 B.C., Zhang Qian, a royal emissary, left Chang'an, capital of the Han Dynasty. He traveled westward on a mission of peace and opened an overland route linking the East and the West. Centuries later, in the years of Tang, Song and Yuan Dynasties, such silk routes, both over land and at sea, boomed. Great adventurers, including Du Huan of China, Marco Polo of Italy and ibn Batutah of Morocco, left their footprints along these ancient routes. In the early 15th century, Zheng He, the famous Chinese navigator in the Ming Dynasty, made seven voyages to the Western Seas, a heroic feat which still is remembered today. These pioneers won their place in history not as conquerors ; rather, as friendly emissaries leading camel caravans and sailing treasure-loaded ships. Generation after generation, the silk routes travelers have built a bridge for peace and East-West cooperation.

    The ancient silk routes spanned the valleys of the Nile, the Tigris and Euphrates, the Indus and Ganges and the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers. They connected the birthplaces of the Egyptian, Babylonian, Indian and Chinese civilizations as well as the lands of Buddhism, Christianity and Islam and homes of people of different nationalities and races. These routes enabled people of various civilizations, religions and races to interact with and embrace each other with open mind. In the course of exchange, they fostered a spirit of mutual respect and were engaged in a common endeavor to pursue prosperity. Today, ancient cities of Jiuquan, Dunhuang, Tulufan, Kashi, Samarkand, Baghdad and Constantinople as well as ancient ports of Ningbo, Quanzhou, Guangzhou, Beihai, Colombo, Jeddah and Alexandria stand as living monuments to these past interactions. This part of history shows that civilization thrives with openness and nations prosper through exchange. 

       The ancient silk routes were not for trade only, they boosted flow of knowledge as well. Through these routes, Chinese silk, porcelain, lacquerwork and ironware were shipped to the West, while pepper, flax, spices, grape and pomegranate entered China. Through these routes, Buddhism, Islam and Arab astronomy, calender and medicine found their way to China, while China's four great inventions and silkworm breeding spread to other parts of the world. More importantly, the exchange of goods and know-how spurred new ideas. For example, Buddhism originated in India, blossomed in China and was enriched in Southeast Asia. Confucianism, which was born in China, gained appreciation by European thinkers such as Leibniz and Voltaire. Herein lies the appeal of mutual learning.  The ancient silk routes spanned the valleys of the Nile, the Tigris and Euphrates, the Indus and Ganges and the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers. They connected the birthplaces of the Egyptian, Babylonian, Indian and Chinese civilizations as well as the lands of Buddhism, Christianity and Islam and homes of people of different nationalities and races. These routes enabled people of various civilizations, religions and races to interact with and embrace each other with open mind. In the course of exchange, they fostered a spirit of mutual respect and were engaged in a common endeavor to pursue prosperity. Today, ancient cities of Jiuquan, Dunhuang, Tulufan, Kashi, Samarkand, Baghdad and Constantinople as well as ancient ports of Ningbo, Quanzhou, Guangzhou, Beihai, Colombo, Jeddah and Alexandria stand as living monuments to these past interactions. This part of history shows that civilization thrives with openness and nations prosper through exchange.      

     more inspiring stories we are searching- indonesia plan to end slums by 2019; 

     

    Work Together to Build the Silk Road Economic Belt and

    The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road 

    Speech by H.E. Xi Jinping

    President of the People's Republic of China

    At the Opening Ceremony of

    The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation

    14 May 2017

    Distinguished Heads of State and Government,

    Heads of International Organizations,

    Ladies and Gentlemen,

    Dear Friends,

    0.0 In this lovely season of early Summer when every living thing is full of energy, I wish to welcome all of you, distinguished guests representing over 100 countries, to attend this important forum on the Belt and Road Initiative held in Beijing. This is indeed a gathering of great minds. In the coming two days, I hope that by engaging in full exchanges of views, we will contribute to pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, a project of the century, so that it will benefit people across the world.

    Ladies and Gentlemen,

    Dear Friends,

    1.0 Over 2,000 years ago, our ancestors, trekking across vast steppes and deserts, opened the transcontinental passage connecting Asia, Europe and Africa, known today as the Silk Road. Our ancestors, navigating rough seas, created sea routes linking the East with the West, namely, the maritime Silk Road. These ancient silk routes opened windows of friendly engagement among nations, adding a splendid chapter to the history of human progress. The thousand-year-old "gilt bronze silkworm" displayed at China's Shaanxi History Museum and the Belitung shipwreck discovered in Indonesia bear witness to this exciting period of history.

    1.1 Spanning thousands of miles and years, the ancient silk routes embody the spirit of peace and cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit. The Silk Road spirit has become a great heritage of human civilization.

    — Peace and cooperation. In China's Han Dynasty around 140 B.C., Zhang Qian, a royal emissary, left Chang'an, capital of the Han Dynasty. He traveled westward on a mission of peace and opened an overland route linking the East and the West, a daring undertaking which came to be known as Zhang Qian's journey to the Western regions. Centuries later, in the years of Tang, Song and Yuan Dynasties, such silk routes, both over land and at sea, boomed. Great adventurers, including Du Huan of China, Marco Polo of Italy and ibn Batutah of Morocco, left their footprints along these ancient routes. In the early 15th century, Zheng He, the famous Chinese navigator in the Ming Dynasty, made seven voyages to the Western Seas, a feat which still is remembered today. These pioneers won their place in history not as conquerors with warships, guns or swords. Rather, they are remembered as friendly emissaries leading camel caravans and sailing treasure-loaded ships. Generation after generation, the silk routes travelers have built a bridge for peace and East-West cooperation.

    — Openness and inclusiveness. The ancient silk routes spanned the valleys of the Nile, the Tigris and Euphrates, the Indus and Ganges and the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers. They connected the birthplaces of the Egyptian, Babylonian, Indian and Chinese civilizations as well as the lands of Buddhism, Christianity and Islam and homes of people of different nationalities and races. These routes enabled people of various civilizations, religions and races to interact with and embrace each other with open mind. In the course of exchange, they fostered a spirit of mutual respect and were engaged in a common endeavor to pursue prosperity. Today, ancient cities of Jiuquan, Dunhuang, Tulufan, Kashi, Samarkand, Baghdad and Constantinople as well as ancient ports of Ningbo, Quanzhou, Guangzhou, Beihai, Colombo, Jeddah and Alexandria stand as living monuments to these past interactions. This part of history shows that civilization thrives with openness and nations prosper through exchange.

    — Mutual learning. The ancient silk routes were not for trade only, they boosted flow of knowledge as well. Through these routes, Chinese silk, porcelain, lacquerwork and ironware were shipped to the West, while pepper, flax, spices, grape and pomegranate entered China. Through these routes, Buddhism, Islam and Arab astronomy, calender and medicine found their way to China, while China's four great inventions and silkworm breeding spread to other parts of the world. More importantly, the exchange of goods and know-how spurred new ideas. For example, Buddhism originated in India, blossomed in China and was enriched in Southeast Asia. Confucianism, which was born in China, gained appreciation by European thinkers such as Leibniz and Voltaire. Herein lies the appeal of mutual learning.

    — Mutual benefit. The ancient silk routes witnessed the bustling scenes of visits and trade over land and ships calling at ports. Along these major arteries of interaction, capital, technology and people flowed freely, and goods, resources and benefits were widely shared. The ancient prosperous cities of Alma-Ata, Samarkand and Chang'an and ports of Sur and Guangzhou thrived, so did the Roman Empire as well as Parthia and Kushan Kingdoms. The Han and Tang Dynasties of China entered the golden age. The ancient silk routes brought prosperity to these regions and boosted their development.

    History is our best teacher. The glory of the ancient silk routes shows that geographical distance is not insurmountable. If we take the first courageous step towards each other, we can embark on a path leading to friendship, shared development, peace, harmony and a better future.

     Ladies and Gentlemen,

    Dear Friends,

    From the historical perspective, humankind has reached an age of great progress, great transformation and profound changes. In this increasingly multi-polar, economically globalized, digitized and culturally diversified world, the trend toward peace and development becomes stronger, and reform and innovation are gaining momentum. Never have we seen such close interdependence among countries as today, such fervent desire of people for a better life, and never have we had so many means to prevail over difficulties.

    In terms of reality, we find ourselves in a world fraught with challenges. Global growth requires new drivers, development needs to be more inclusive and balanced, and the gap between the rich and the poor needs to be narrowed. Hotspots in some regions are causing instability and terrorism is rampant. Deficit in peace, development and governance poses a daunting challenge to mankind. This is the issue that has always been on my mind.

    In the autumn of 2013, respectively in Kazakhstan and Indonesia, I proposed the building of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, which I call the Belt and Road Initiative. As a Chinese saying goes, "Peaches and plums do not speak, but they are so attractive that a path is formed below the trees." Four years on, over 100 countries and international organizations have supported and got involved in this initiative. Important resolutions passed by the UN General Assembly and Security Council contain reference to it. Thanks to our efforts, the vision of the Belt and Road Initiative is becoming a reality and bearing rich fruit.

    — These four years have seen deepened policy connectivity. I have said on many occasions that the pursuit of the Belt and Road Initiative is not meant to reinvent the wheel. Rather, it aims to complement the development strategies of countries involved by leveraging their comparative strengths. We have enhanced coordination with the policy initiatives of relevant countries, such as the Eurasian Economic Union of Russia, the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity, the Bright Road initiative of Kazakhstan, the Middle Corridor initiative of Turkey, the Development Road initiative of Mongolia, the Two Corridors, One Economic Circle initiative of Viet Nam, the Northern Powerhouse initiative of the UK and the Amber Road initiative of Poland. We are also promoting complementarity between China's development plan and those of Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Hungary and other countries. China has signed cooperation agreements with over 40 countries and international organizations and carried out framework cooperation on production capacity with more than 30 countries. During the forum, a number of cooperation agreements on policy connectivity and action plans will be signed. We will also launch Belt and Road cooperation initiative on trade connectivity together with some 60 countries and international organizations. Such policy connectivity will produce a multiplying effect on cooperation among the parties involved.

    — These four years have seen enhanced infrastructure connectivity. Building roads and railways creates prosperity in all sectors. We have accelerated the building of Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway, China-Laos railway, Addis Ababa-Djibouti railway and Hungary-Serbia railway, and upgraded Gwadar and Piraeus ports in cooperation with relevant countries. A large number of connectivity projects are also in the pipeline. Today, a multi-dimensional infrastructure network is taking shape, one that is underpinned by economic corridors such as China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor and the New Eurasian Continental Bridge, featuring land-sea-air transportation routes and information expressway and supported by major railway, port and pipeline projects.

    — These four years have seen increased trade connectivity. China has worked with other countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative to promote trade and investment facilitation and improve business environment. I was told that for Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries alone, customs clearance time for agricultural produce exporting to China is cut by 90%. Total trade between China and other Belt and Road countries in 2014-2016 has exceeded US$3 trillion, and China's investment in these countries has surpassed US$50 billion. Chinese companies have set up 56 economic cooperation zones in over 20 countries, generating some US$1.1 billion of tax revenue and 180,000 jobs for them.

    — These four years have seen expanded financial connectivity. Financing bottleneck is a key challenge to realizing connectivity. China has engaged in multiple forms of financial cooperation with countries and organizations involved in the Belt and Road Initiative. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank has provided US$1.7 billion of loans for 9 projects in Belt and Road participating countries. The Silk Road Fund has made US$4 billion of investment, and the 16+1 financial holding company between China and Central and Eastern European countries has been inaugurated. With distinctive focus, these new financial mechanisms and traditional multilateral financial institutions such as the World Bank complement each other. A multi-tiered Belt and Road financial cooperation network has taken an initial shape.

    — These four years have seen strengthened people-to-people connectivity. Friendship, which derives from close contact between the people, holds the key to sound state-to-state relations. Guided by the Silk Road spirit, we the Belt and Road Initiative participating countries have pulled our efforts to build the educational Silk Road and the health Silk Road, and carried out cooperation in science, education, culture, health and people-to-people exchange. Such cooperation has helped lay a solid popular and social foundation for pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative. Every year, the Chinese government provides 10,000 government scholarships to the relevant countries. China's local governments have also set up special Silk Road scholarships to encourage international cultural and educational exchanges. Projects of people-to-people cooperation such as Silk Road culture year, tourism year, art festival, film and TV project, seminar and think tank dialogue are flourishing. These interactions have brought our people increasingly closer.

    These fruitful outcomes show that the Belt and Road Initiative responds to the trend of the times, conforms to the law of development, and meets the people's interests. It surely has broad prospects.

    Ladies and Gentlemen,

    Dear Friends,

    As we often say in China, "The beginning is the most difficult part." A solid first step has been taken in pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative. We should build on the sound momentum generated to steer the Belt and Road Initiative toward greater success. In pursuing this endeavor, we should be guided by the following principles:

    First, we should build the Belt and Road into a road for peace. The ancient silk routes thrived in times of peace, but lost vigor in times of war. The pursuit of the Belt and Road Initiative requires a peaceful and stable environment. We should foster a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation; and we should forge partnerships of dialogue with no confrontation and of friendship rather than alliance. All countries should respect each other's sovereignty, dignity and territorial integrity, each other's development paths and social systems, and each other's core interests and major concerns.

    Some regions along the ancient Silk Road used to be a land of milk and honey. Yet today, these places are often associated with conflict, turbulence, crisis and challenge. Such state of affairs should not be allowed to continue. We should foster the vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, and create a security environment built and shared by all. We should work to resolve hotspot issues through political means, and promote mediation in the spirit of justice. We should intensify counter-terrorism efforts, address both its symptoms and root causes, and strive to eradicate poverty, backwardness and social injustice.

    Second, we should build the Belt and Road into a road of prosperity. Development holds the master key to solving all problems. In pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, we should focus on the fundamental issue of development, release the growth potential of various countries and achieve economic integration and interconnected development and deliver benefits to all.

    Industries are the foundation of economy. We should deepen industrial cooperation so that industrial development plans of different countries will complement and reinforce each other. Focus should be put on launching major projects. We should strengthen international cooperation on production capacity and equipment manufacturing, and seize new development opportunities presented by the new industrial revolution to foster new businesses and maintain dynamic growth.

    Finance is the lifeblood of modern economy. Only when the blood circulates smoothly can one grow. We should establish a stable and sustainable financial safeguard system that keeps risks under control, create new models of investment and financing, encourage greater cooperation between government and private capital and build a diversified financing system and a multi-tiered capital market. We should also develop inclusive finance and improve financial services networks.

    Infrastructure connectivity is the foundation of development through cooperation. We should promote land, maritime, air and cyberspace connectivity, concentrate our efforts on key passageways, cities and projects and connect networks of highways, railways and sea ports. The goal of building six major economic corridors under the Belt and Road Initiative has been set, and we should endeavor to meet it. We need to seize opportunities presented by the new round of change in energy mix and the revolution in energy technologies to develop global energy interconnection and achieve green and low-carbon development. We should improve trans-regional logistics network and promote connectivity of policies, rules and standards so as to provide institutional safeguards for enhancing connectivity.

     Third, we should build the Belt and Road into a road of opening up. Opening up brings progress while isolation results in backwardness. For a country, opening up is like the struggle of a chrysalis breaking free from its cacoon. There will be short-term pains, but such pains will create a new life. The Belt and Road Initiative should be an open one that will achieve both economic growth and balanced development.

    We should build an open platform of cooperation and uphold and grow an open world economy. We should jointly create an environment that will facilitate opening up and development, establish a fair, equitable and transparent system of international trade and investment rules and boost the orderly flow of production factors, efficient resources allocation and full market integration. We welcome efforts made by other countries to grow open economies based on their national conditions, participate in global governance and provide public goods. Together, we can build a broad community of shared interests.

    Trade is an important engine driving growth. We should embrace the outside world with an open mind, uphold the multilateral trading regime, advance the building of free trade areas and promote liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment. Of course, we should also focus on resolving issues such as imbalances in development, difficulties in governance, digital divide and income disparity and make economic globalization open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all.

    Fourth, we should build the Belt and Road into a road of innovation. Innovation is an important force powering development. The Belt and Road Initiative is new by nature and we need to encourage innovation in pursuing this initiative.

    We should pursue innovation-driven development and intensify cooperation in frontier areas such as digital economy, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology and quantum computing, and advance the development of big data, cloud computing and smart cities so as to turn them into a digital silk road of the 21st century. We should spur the full integration of science and technology into industries and finance, improve the environment for innovation and pool resources for innovation. We should create space and build workshops for young people of various countries to cultivate entrepreneurship in this age of the internet and help realize their dreams.

    We should pursue the new vision of green development and a way of life and work that is green, low-carbon, circular and sustainable. Efforts should be made to strengthen cooperation in ecological and environmental protection and build a sound ecosystem so as to realize the goals set by the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

    Fifth, we should build the Belt and Road into a road connecting different civilizations. In pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, we should ensure that when it comes to different civilizations, exchange will replace estrangement, mutual learning will replace clashes, and coexistence will replace a sense of superiority. This will boost mutual understanding, mutual respect and mutual trust among different countries.

    We should establish a multi-tiered mechanism for cultural and people-to-people exchanges, build more cooperation platforms and open more cooperation channels. Educational cooperation should be boosted, more exchange students should be encouraged and the performance of cooperatively run schools should be enhanced. Think tanks should play a better role and efforts should be made to establish think tank networks and partnerships. In the cultural, sports and health sectors, new cooperation models should be created to facilitate projects with concrete benefits. Historical and cultural heritage should be fully tapped to jointly develop tourist products and protect heritage in ways that preserve the distinctive features of the Silk Road. We should strengthen exchanges between parliaments, political parties and non-governmental organizations of different countries as well as between women, youths and people with disabilities with a view to achieving inclusive development. We should also strengthen international counter-corruption cooperation so that the Belt and Road will be a road with high ethical standards.

    Ladies and Gentlemen,

    Dear Friends,

    China has reached a new starting point in its development endeavors. Guided by the vision of innovative, coordinated, green, open and inclusive development, we will adapt to and steer the new normal of economic development and seize opportunities it presents. We will actively promote supply-side structural reform to achieve sustainable development, inject strong impetus into the Belt and Road Initiative and create new opportunities for global development.

    — China will enhance friendship and cooperation with all countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence. We are ready to share practices of development with other countries, but we have no intention to interfere in other countries' internal affairs, export our own social system and model of development, or impose our own will on others. In pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, we will not resort to outdated geopolitical maneuvering. What we hope to achieve is a new model of win-win cooperation. We have no intention to form a small group detrimental to stability, what we hope to create is a big family of harmonious co-existence.

    — China has reached practical cooperation agreements with many countries on pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative. These agreements cover not only projects of hardware connectivity, like transport, infrastructure and energy, but also software connectivity, involving telecommunications, customs and quarantine inspection. The agreements also include plans and projects for cooperation in economy and trade, industry, e-commerce, marine and green economy. The Chinese railway authorities will sign agreements with their counterparts of related countries to deepen cooperation on China-Europe regular railway cargo service. We will work to launch these cooperation projects at an early date and see that they deliver early benefits.

    — China will scale up financing support for the Belt and Road Initiative by contributing an additional RMB 100 billion to the Silk Road Fund, and we encourage financial institutions to conduct overseas RMB fund business with an estimated amount of about RMB 300 billion. The China Development Bank and the Export-Import Bank of China will set up special lending schemes respectively worth RMB 250 billion equivalent and RMB 130 billion equivalent to support Belt and Road cooperation on infrastructure, industrial capacity and financing. We will also work with the AIIB, the BRICS New Development Bank, the World Bank and other multilateral development institutions to support Belt and Road related projects. We will work with other parties concerned to jointly formulate guidelines for financing the Belt and Road related development projects.

    — China will endeavor to build a win-win business partnership with other countries participating in the Belt and Road Initiative, enhance trade and investment facilitation with them, and build a Belt and Road free trade network. These efforts are designed to promote growth both in our respective regions and globally. During this forum, China will sign business and trade cooperation agreements with over 30 countries and enter into consultation on free trade agreements with related countries. China will host the China International Import Expo starting from 2018.

     — China will enhance cooperation on innovation with other countries. We will launch the Belt and Road Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation Action Plan, which consists of the Science and Technology People-to-People Exchange Initiative, the Joint Laboratory Initiative, the Science Park Cooperation Initiative and the Technology Transfer Initiative. In the coming five years, we will offer 2,500 short-term research visits to China for young foreign scientists, train 5,000 foreign scientists, engineers and managers, and set up 50 joint laboratories. We will set up a big data service platform on ecological and environmental protection. We propose the establishment of an international coalition for green development on the Belt and Road, and we will provide support to related countries in adapting to climate change.

    — In the coming three years, China will provide assistance worth RMB 60 billion to developing countries and international organizations participating in the Belt and Road Initiative to launch more projects to improve people's well-being. We will provide emergency food aid worth RMB 2 billion to developing countries along the Belt and Road and make an additional contribution of US$1 billion to the Assistance Fund for South-South Cooperation. China will launch 100 "happy home" projects, 100 poverty alleviation projects and 100 health care and rehabilitation projects in countries along the Belt and Road. China will provide relevant international organizations with US$1 billion to implement cooperation projects that will benefit the countries along the Belt and Road.

    — China will put in place the following mechanisms to boost Belt and Road cooperation: a liaison office for the Forum's follow-up activities, the Research Center for the Belt and Road Financial and Economic Development, the Facilitating Center for Building the Belt and Road, the Multilateral Development Financial Cooperation Center in cooperation with multilateral development banks, and an IMF-China Capacity Building Center. We will also develop a network for cooperation among the NGOs in countries along the Belt and Road as well as new people-to-people exchange platforms such as a Belt and Road news alliance and a music education alliance.

    The Belt and Road Initiative is rooted in the ancient Silk Road. It focuses on the Asian, European and African continents, but is also open to all other countries. All countries, from either Asia, Europe, Africa or the Americas, can be international cooperation partners of the Belt and Road Initiative. The pursuit of this initiative is based on extensive consultation and its benefits will be shared by us all.

    Ladies and Gentlemen,

    Dear Friends,

    An ancient Chinese saying goes, "A long journey can be covered only by taking one step at a time". Similarly, there is an Arab proverb which says that the Pyramid was built by piling one stone on another. In Europe, there is also the saying that "Rome wasn't built in a day." The Belt and Road Initiative is a great undertaking which requires dedicated efforts. Let us pursue this initiative step by step and deliver outcome one by one. By doing so, we will bring true benefit to both the world and all our people!

    In conclusion, I wish the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation a full success!

    Thank you!

     

    xxx

    World Bank head says initiative good for world economy

    Jim Yong Kim, president of the World Bank [Photo/Agencies]

     

    The China-led Belt and Road Initiative serves as a constructive platform to help achieve common prosperity for regional economies and contributes to global development, World Bank President Jim Yong Kim said on Sunday.

    China's growing influence can be applied through the initiative to help other countries work through their differences and foster the development of free trade and investment, Kim told China Daily on the sidelines of the ongoing Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.

    The initiative consists of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.

    Global and regional trade and investment still face many hurdles-"sometimes even within a single country", Kim said. Trade between states or provinces and another state or province "can be very complicated".

    "What is needed in terms of tackling these barriers is that you need to have convening power," he said. "You need to bring all the different parties together, and you need to get them to sit in a room and work out these kinds of differences.

    "There's a huge incentive for countries to come together at a meeting or platform that's convened by China. Everybody wants to work with China."

    Kim made the comments against a background of rising anti-globalization and anti-trade sentiment in some developed countries. Meanwhile, many economies-especially in some underdeveloped regions-are in dire need of investment in infrastructure.

    President Xi Jinping said in a speech on Sunday morning that China is willing to contribute to building a global free trade network, share its development experiences with other countries and increase funding through the Belt and Road Initiative to bolster global growth and promote the common development of the international community.

    Kim praised Xi's leadership in pushing the initiative.

    "The most important thing about his speech is how incredibly ambitious he is," Kim said. "He set a very high bar for what we should try to accomplish.

    "There are very few leaders in the world who, because of their own position, their own charisma, their own ideas, can push the entire region forward. President Xi can do that."

    In a meeting with Kim on Sunday, Premier Li Keqiang said that China is willing to cooperate with the World Bank to conduct research on how to create new growth engines for the country, as China presses ahead with its economic restructuring, according to a China Central Television report. 

    open engineering strategy download from MIT

    concluding speech

     Updated: 2017-05-14 18:43

    — China will enhance cooperation on innovation with other countries. We will launch the Belt and Road Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation Action Plan, which consists of the Science and Technology People-to-People Exchange Initiative, the Joint Laboratory Initiative, the Science Park Cooperation Initiative and the Technology Transfer Initiative. In the coming five years, we will offer 2,500 short-term research visits to China for young foreign scientists, train 5,000 foreign scientists, engineers and managers, and set up 50 joint laboratories. We will set up a big data service platform on ecological and environmental protection. We propose the establishment of an international coalition for green development on the Belt and Road, and we will provide support to related countries in adapting to climate change.

    — In the coming three years, China will provide assistance worth RMB 60 billion to developing countries and international organizations participating in the Belt and Road Initiative to launch more projects to improve people's well-being. We will provide emergency food aid worth RMB 2 billion to developing countries along the Belt and Road and make an additional contribution of US$1 billion to the Assistance Fund for South-South Cooperation. China will launch 100 "happy home" projects, 100 poverty alleviation projects and 100 health care and rehabilitation projects in countries along the Belt and Road. China will provide relevant international organizations with US$1 billion to implement cooperation projects that will benefit the countries along the Belt and Road.

    — China will put in place the following mechanisms to boost Belt and Road cooperation: a liaison office for the Forum's follow-up activities, the Research Center for the Belt and Road Financial and Economic Development, the Facilitating Center for Building the Belt and Road, the Multilateral Development Financial Cooperation Center in cooperation with multilateral development banks, and an IMF-China Capacity Building Center. We will also develop a network for cooperation among the NGOs in countries along the Belt and Road as well as new people-to-people exchange platforms such as a Belt and Road news alliance and a music education alliance.

    The Belt and Road Initiative is rooted in the ancient Silk Road. It focuses on the Asian, European and African continents, but is also open to all other countries. All countries, from either Asia, Europe, Africa or the Americas, can be international cooperation partners of the Belt and Road Initiative. The pursuit of this initiative is based on extensive consultation and its benefits will be shared by us all.

     

    Belt and Road Initiative bringing people together in 'pursuit of a better life', Xi says; 2nd summit set for 2019

    "The Belt and Road development does not shut out, nor is it directed against, any party."

    "Though originating in China, the Belt and Road Initiative BELONGS TO THE WHOLE WORLD. Its development goes beyond regions, stages of development and civilizations."

    "Geese can fly through wind and rain for a long time because they fly in flocks."

    China will host the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in 2019, President Xi Jinping announced on Monday at a news briefing in Beijing while describing the outcomes of the forum and the Leaders Roundtable.

    At the forum this year, held on Sunday and Monday, 29 foreign heads of state and government as well as chiefs of international organizations, corporate leaders, senior officials and scholars gathered to chart the blueprint for the Belt and Road Initiative, which has won positive feedback from more than 100 countries.

    Xi confirmed that China has so far signed cooperative agreements with 68 countries and international organizations concerning the initiative, including those signed during the forum.

    A list of major outcomes of the forum was approved at the closing ceremony of the forum, with 76 items including more than 270 concrete results in the key areas of policy, infrastructure, trade, finance and people-to-people exchanges.

    Leaders attending the roundtable on Monday also issued a joint communique, in which they stated a "shared commitment to building an open economy, ensuring free and inclusive trade (and) opposing all forms of protectionism in the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative".

    The summit has seen leaders agreeing to prioritize policy consultation, work on perfecting the infrastructure connectivity network and better serve public well-being and sustained development, according to an official release of the Foreign Ministry.

    While chairing the summit, Xi said the Belt and Road Initiative is an open and inclusive platform and a public service jointly built by parties around the world.

    China welcomes all friends cherishing the same ideals to join the Belt and Road, which will neither exclude nor target any side, he said.

    "The Belt and Road development does not shut out, nor is it directed against, any party," Xi said.

    When addressing the closing ceremony of the forum, Xi said, "People's pursuit of a better life has helped move history forward", and the Belt and Road development is bringing together people of all countries along the routes in a joint endeavor for common development and shared benefits through win-win cooperation.

    Xu Haoliang, assistant secretary-general of the United Nations and director of the United Nations Development Programme's regional bureau for Asia and the Pacific, said the Belt and Road Initiative promotes the opposite of an inward-looking mentality and "could indeed shape the 21st century international cooperation model".

    The effects of the initiative "could be transformational, particularly if it promotes economic, social and environmental sustainability", Xu said.

    Ruan Zongze, vice-president of the China Institute of International Studies, said China's latest proposals and the outcomes achieved at the forum show that China's development "brings national interests to itself and brings benefits to other countries as well", and China's proposed solution is having a growing say on the world stage.

    Wang Yiwei, a professor of international relations studies at Renmin University of China, said the latest outcomes are being achieved at a time when many of the countries participating in the initiative are introducing industrialization, modernization and infrastructure buildup.

    "Since the world economy is still sluggish, the huge production capacity and construction capabilities to be introduced will meet such urgent demands ... and make their people feel more tangible benefits," Wang said.

    China's negotiating with participating countries for more bilateral free-trade agreements will help address the current downturn of the globalization process, the professor added.

     =============================

    Final Communique

    Full text: Joint communique of leaders roundtable of Belt and Road forum

    The Leaders Roundtable of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was held Monday in Beijing. A joint communique was issued after the summit.

    Following is an English version of the joint communique:

    Joint Communique of the Leaders Roundtable of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation

    1. We, President Xi Jinping of the People's Republic of China, President Mauricio Macri of the Republic of Argentina, President Alexander Lukashenko of the Republic of Belarus, President Michelle Bachelet Jeria of the Republic of Chile, President Milos Zeman of the Czech Republic, President Joko Widodo of the Republic of Indonesia, President Nursultan Nazarbayev of the Republic of Kazakhstan, President Uhuru Kenyatta of the Republic of Kenya, President Almazbek Atambayev of the Kyrgyz Republic, President Bounnhang Vorachith of the Lao People's Democratic Republic, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte of the Republic of the Philippines, President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation, President Doris Leuthard of the Swiss Confederation, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of the Republic of Turkey, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev of the Republic of Uzbekistan, President Tran Dai Quang of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, Prime Minister Hun Sen of the Kingdom of Cambodia, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Prime Minister Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama of the Republic of Fiji, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras of the Hellenic Republic, Prime Minister Viktor Orban of Hungary, Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni of the Italian Republic, Prime Minister Najib Razak of Malaysia, Prime Minister Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat of Mongolia, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Prime Minister Beata Szydlo of the Republic of Poland, Prime Minister and President-elect Aleksandar Vucic of the Republic of Serbia, President of the Government Mariano Rajoy Brey of the Kingdom of Spain, and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, attended the Leaders Roundtable of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation on 15 May 2017 in Beijing. We also welcome the participation of Secretary General Antonio Guterres of the United Nations, President Jim Yong Kim of the World Bank Group, Managing Director Christine Lagarde of the International Monetary Fund. The Leaders Roundtable was chaired by President Xi Jinping of the People's Republic of China.

    General Context

    2. We are mindful that the world economy is undergoing profound changes, presenting both opportunities and challenges. This is an era of opportunity, where countries continue to aspire for peace, development and cooperation. The UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with the set of Sustainable Development Goals at its core provides a new blueprint of international cooperation.

    3. In this context, we welcome bilateral, triangular, regional and multilateral cooperation where countries place emphasis on eradicating poverty, creating jobs, addressing the consequences of international financial crises, promoting sustainable development, and advancing market-based industrial transformation and economic diversification. We note with appreciation that various development strategies and connectivity cooperation initiatives have been put forward, providing broad space for strengthening international cooperation.

    4. We further recognize the challenges that the world economy faces. While it is currently experiencing modest recovery, downside risks remain. The growth of global trade and investment remains tempered, and the rules-based multilateral trading regime is yet to be strengthened. All countries, especially developing ones, still face common challenges of eradicating poverty, promoting inclusive and sustained economic growth, and achieving sustainable development.

    5. Noting that the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (The Belt and Road Initiative) can create opportunities amidst challenges and changes, we welcome and support the Belt and Road Initiative to enhance connectivity between Asia and Europe, which is also open to other regions such as Africa and South America. By providing important opportunities for countries to deepen cooperation, it has achieved positive outcomes and has future potential to deliver more benefits as an important international initiative.

    6. We also emphasize the opportunities which can be created by communication and coordination among other global, regional and national frameworks and initiatives for promoting cooperation in connectivity and sustainable development, such as 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Addis Ababa Action Agenda, Agenda 2063 of the African Union, Ancient Civilizations Forum, APEC Connectivity Blueprint, ASEAN Community Vision 2025, Asia-Europe Meeting and its group on path-finder of connectivity, Caravanserai Customs Initiative, China and Central and Eastern European Countries Cooperation, China-Europe Land-Sea Express Route, East-West Middle Corridor Initiative, EU-China Connectivity Platform, EU Eastern Partnership, Eurasian partnership based on the principles of equality, openness and transparency, Initiative for the Integration of Regional Infrastructure in South America, Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity 2025, Main Directions for Economic Development of the Eurasian Economic Union until 2030, Paris Agreement on Climate Change, Trans-European Transport Networks, Western Balkans 6 Connectivity Agenda, WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement.

    7. We reaffirm our shared commitment to build open economy, ensure free and inclusive trade, oppose all forms of protectionism including in the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative. We endeavor to promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system with WTO at its core.

    Cooperation Objectives

    8. We stand for enhancing international cooperation including the Belt and Road Initiative and various development strategies, by building closer collaboration partnerships, which include advancing North-South, South-South, and triangular cooperation.

    9. We reiterate the importance of expanding economic growth, trade and investment based on level-playing field, on market rules and on universally recognized international norms. We welcome the promotion of industrial cooperation, scientific and technological innovation, and regional economic cooperation and integration so as to increase, inter alia, the integration and participation of micro, small and medium enterprises in global value chains. Attention should be paid to tax and fiscal policies, prioritizing growth and productive investment.

    10. We stand for strengthening physical, institutional and people-to-people connectivity among all countries. The least developed countries, landlocked developing countries, small island developing states and middle-income countries deserve special attention to remove bottlenecks of development and achieve effective connectivity.

    11. We endeavor to expand people-to-people exchanges, promote peace, justice, social cohesion, inclusiveness, democracy, good governance, the rule of law, human rights, gender equality and women empowerment; work together to fight against corruption and bribery in all their forms; to be more responsive to all the needs of those in vulnerable situations such as, children, persons with disabilities and older persons; and help improve global economic governance, and ensure equal access by all to development opportunities and benefits.

    12. We are determined to protect the planet from degradation, including through taking urgent action on climate change and encouraging all parties which have ratified it to fully implement the Paris Agreement, managing the natural resources in an equitable and sustainable manner, conserving and sustainably using oceans and seas, freshwater resources, as well as forests, mountains and drylands, protecting biodiversity, ecosystems and wildlife, combating desertification and land degradation so as to achieving sustainable development in its three dimensions in a balanced and integrated manner.

    13. We encourage the involvement of governments, international and regional organizations, the private sector, civil society and citizens in fostering and promoting friendship, mutual understanding and trust.

    Cooperation Principles

    14. We uphold the spirit of peace, cooperation, openness, transparency, inclusiveness, equality, mutual learning, mutual benefit and mutual respect by strengthening cooperation on the basis of extensive consultation and the rule of law, joint efforts, shared benefits and equal opportunities for all. In this context we highlight the following principles guiding our cooperation, in accordance with our respective national laws and policies:

    a) Consultation on an equal footing: Honoring the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and international law including respecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of countries; formulating cooperation plans and advancing cooperation projects through consultation.

    b) Mutual benefit: Seeking convergence of interests and the broadest common ground for cooperation, taking into account the perspectives of different stakeholders.

    c) Harmony and inclusiveness: Acknowledging the natural and cultural diversity of the world and recognizing that all cultures and civilizations can contribute to sustainable development.

    d) Market-based operation: Recognizing the role of the market and that of business as key players, while ensuring that the government performs its proper role and highlighting the importance of open, transparent, and non-discriminatory procurement procedures.

    e) Balance and sustainability: Emphasizing the importance of economic, social, fiscal, financial and environmental sustainability of projects, and of promoting high environmental standards, while striking a good balance among economic growth, social progress and environmental protection.

    Cooperation Measures

    15. We affirm the need to prioritize policy consultation, trade promotion, infrastructure connectivity, financial cooperation and people-to-people exchanges, and we highlight concrete actions, in accordance with our national laws and regulations and international obligations where applicable, such as:

    a) Pursuing dialogue and consultation in order to build synergies in development strategies among participating countries, noting the efforts to strengthen cooperation in coordinating development of the Belt and Road Initiative with other plans and initiatives as mentioned in Paragraph 6 and to promote partnerships among Europe, Asia, South America, Africa and other regions.

    b) Conducting in-depth consultation on macroeconomic issues by optimizing the existing multilateral and bilateral cooperation and dialogue mechanisms, so as to provide robust policy support for practical cooperation and the implementation of major projects.

    c) Strengthening cooperation on innovation, by supporting innovation action plans for e-commerce, digital economy, smart cities and science and technology parks, and by encouraging greater exchanges on innovation and business startup models in the Internet age in respect of intellectual property rights.

    d) Promoting practical cooperation on roads, railways, ports, maritime and inland water transport, aviation, energy pipelines, electricity, fiber optic including trans-oceanic cable, telecommunications and information and communication technology, and welcoming the development of interconnected multimodal corridors, such us a new Eurasian Land Bridge, Northern Sea Route, the East-West Middle Corridor etc., and major trunk lines to put in place an international infrastructure network over time.

    e) Maximizing synergies in infrastructure planning and development by taking into account international standards where applicable, and by aiming at harmonizing rules and technological standards when necessary; fostering a favorable environment and predictability for infrastructure investment by private capital; promoting public-private partnership in areas that create more jobs and generate greater efficiency; welcoming international financial institutions to increase support and investment for infrastructure development.

    f) Deepening economic and trade cooperation; upholding the authority and effectiveness of the multilateral trading system, and working together to achieve positive outcomes at the 11th WTO ministerial conference; promoting trade and investment liberalization and facilitation; enabling the general public to benefit from trade.

    g) Expanding trade by nurturing new areas of trade growth, promoting trade balance and promoting e-commerce and digital economy, welcoming the development of free trade areas and signing of free trade agreements by interested countries.

    h) Advancing global value chains development and supply chain connectivity, while ensuring safer work places and strengthening social protection systems; increasing two-way investment, and enhancing cooperation in emerging industries, trade and industrial parks and cross-border economic zones.

    i) Enhancing cooperation in ensuring the protection of the environment, of bio-diversity and of natural resources, in addressing the adverse impacts of climate change, in promoting resilience and disaster-risk reduction and management, and in advancing renewable energy and energy efficiency.

    j) Regarding the process of customs clearance, strengthening cooperation on information exchange and on developing mutual recognition of control, mutual assistance of enforcement, and mutual sharing of information; enhancing customs cooperation with a view to facilitating trade including by harmonizing procedures and reducing costs, and in this regard, strengthening cooperation in protecting intellectual property rights.

    k) Jointly working on a long-term, stable and sustainable financing system; enhancing financial infrastructure connectivity, by exploring new models and platforms of investment and financing and improving financial services; assessing the opportunity to better serve local financial market; and encouraging development-oriented financial institutions to play an active role and strengthen cooperation with multilateral development institutions.

    l) Contributing to a stable and equitable international financial system; promoting openness and connectivity among financial markets, including through mutual cooperation on payment systems and the promotion of financial inclusion; encouraging financial institutions to establish commercial presence in relevant countries and regions; promoting bilateral local currency settlement and cooperation agreements, and facilitating the development of local currency bonds and stock markets; encouraging dialogues to enhance financial cooperation and fend off financial risks.

    m) Promoting people-to-people exchanges and bonds by deepening practical cooperation on education, science, technology, sport, health, think-tank, media, capacity building including through internships.

    n) Encouraging dialogues among civilizations, cultural exchanges, promoting tourism and protecting the world's cultural and natural heritage.

    Our Vision for the Future

    16. Our joint endeavor on the Belt and Road Initiative and seeking complementarities with other connectivity initiatives provide new opportunities and impetus for international cooperation. It helps to work for a globalization that is open, inclusive and beneficial to all.

    17. We reiterate that promoting peace, mutually-beneficial cooperation,and honoring the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and international law are our shared responsibilities; achieving inclusive and sustainable growth and development, and improving people's quality of life are our common goals; creating a prosperous and peaceful community with shared future for mankind is our common aspiration.

    18. We congratulate China on successfully hosting the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation.

     

     

    B&R special: Vision

    Embed Video

    It's time for the sixth and final episode in our Belt and Road special coverage.

    We began with the reform and opening up in 1978, then went back to the ancient silk road, and then fast forwarded to projects currently under construction along the Belt and Road.

    Openness, inclusiveness, diversity and harmony have featured in Chinese culture throughout its 5000 year history. What wisdom can this old, but modern country of the east bring to today's world?

    As the Belt and Road initiative becomes a reality step-by-step, more and more countries and international organizations are joining China.

    If this is just the beginning, what's the vision for the future?

    B&R special 1: the Origin

    B&R special 2: Paving the way

    B&R special 3: Industrialization

    B&R special 4: Platforms

    B&R special 5: The power of capital 

     

    Facintaing review of 4 chinese cities shanghai, chongqing ruili qiwu 4cities.JPG 

     

     

    A total of 15 cities have joined the club of China's new first-tier cities due to their commercial charm, according to a report by the China Business Network (CBN) Co Ltd.

    The ranking, released by CBNweekly magazine on May 7, assesses commercial attraction of 338 cities based on five indicators: concentration of commercial resources, city's pivotability,citizen vitality, variety of lifestyle, and flexibility in the future.

    The list includes four first-tier cities (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen), 15 new first-tier cities, 30 second-tier cities, 70 third-tier cities, 90 fourth-tier cities and 129 fifth-tier cities.

    Let's take a look at China's 15 new first-tier cities.

    Chengdu

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China
     

    Hangzhou

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    Photo taken on Aug 25, 2016 shows the Hangzhou Olympic Sports Center in the Binjiang district of Hangzhou, capital of East China's Zhejiang province.[Photo/Xinhua]

     

    Wuhan

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    Visitors enjoy blooming sakura in Wuhan University in Hubei province, March 18, 2017. [Photo/VCG]

     

    Tianjin

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    The ferris wheel called the Tianjin Eye is reflected on the Haihe river at sunset. [Photo/VCG]

    Nanjing

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    A little girl eats sugarcoated haws on her father's shoulder on the Nanjing Qinhuai Lantern Festival in Jiangsu province on Jan 27, 2017. [Photo/VCG]

    Chongqing

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    The night view of Southwest China's Chongqing municipality on May 1, 2017.[Photo/VCG]

    Xi'an

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    People take pictures for the Terra Cotta Warriors in Shaanxi History Museum, on June 12, 2014.[Photo/VCG]

    Changsha

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    China's first permanent magnet subway train, which saves up to 30 percent energy compared to traditional trains, goes into service in Changsha, Hunan province, on August 29, 2016. [Photo/VCG]

    Qingdao

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    Boats races during the Extreme Sailing Series Qingdao 2016 on April 30, 2016 in Qingdao, Shandong province. [Photo/VCG]

    Shenyang

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    A man captures rime at a park beside a river in Shenyang, Liaoning province, December 15, 2016. [Photo/VCG]

    Dalian

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    This photo taken on July 5, 2014 shows luxury yachts lined up at a boat show at the port in the northeastern Chinese city of Dalian, Liaoning province. [Photo/VCG]

    Xiamen

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    A couple poses for engagement photos on a beach in Xiamen, Fujian province on October 25, 2013. [Photo/VCG]

    Suzhou

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    The Panmen scenic area, one of the key projects operated by the Suzhou Culture and Tourism Development Group, is the largest cultural tour site in the city, Jiangsu province.[Photo provided to China Daily]

    Ningbo

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    The Ningbo-Zhoushan Port in Zhejiang province is one of the busiest in the world in terms of cargo tonnage.[Photo provided to China Daily]

    Wuxi

     

    Top 15 'new first-tier' cities in China

    The Ancient Canal runs through the city Wuxi, Jiangsu province. ZHOU YE / FOR CHINA DAILY

     belt Notes

      ...

     

    ... will pay an official visit to China from May 13 to 17 during his attendance at the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation.
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/wsrc_665395/t1460458.shtml  2017.05.10  
     
    ... will pay an official visit to China from May 12 to 16 during his attendance at the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation.
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/wsrc_665395/t1460456.shtml  2017.05.10  
     
    ... Jinping, President Mauricio Macri of the Republic of Argentina will attend the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation and pay a state visit to China...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/wsrc_665395/t1460454.shtml  2017.05.10  
     
    ...t Jeria of the Republic of Chile will pay a state visit to China and attend the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation from May 12 to 15.
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/wsrc_665395/t1460452.shtml  2017.05.10  
     
    ...oyev of the Republic of Uzbekistan is coming to China for a state visit and the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation from May 11 to 15.
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/wsrc_665395/t1460451.shtml  2017.05.10  
     
    ...he Socialist Republic of Vietnam will pay a state visit to China and attend the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation from May 11 to 15.
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/wsrc_665395/t1459123.shtml  2017.05.05  
     
    ...ion to help advance economic transformation at home. Under the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, we took active steps to strengthen complementarity bet...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/ggjjs_665228/xwlb_665230/t1454825.shtml  2017.04.19  
     
    ...a and Kazakhstan achieved fruitful outcomes from the joint construction of the “Belt and Road”, and the scale and quality of bilateral cooperation stepped into ...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/dozys_664276/xwlb_664278/t1455096.htm  2017.04.19  
     
    ... promote greater development of bilateral relations. Zhang Gaoli said that the "Belt and Road" Initiative proposed by President Xi Jinping features openness and...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xos_664404/xwlb_664406/t1455159.shtml  2017.04.18  
     
    ... Commission Wang Xiaotao briefed on relevant situation of related events of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF) and answered questions f...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/wjbz_663308/activities_663312/t1455115.shtml  2017.04.18  
     
    On April 18, 2017, when answering questions at the briefing for Chinese and foreign media held by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs over the Belt and Road Forum f...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/wjbz_663308/activities_663312/t1455111.shtml  2017.04.18  
     
    On April 18, 2017, when answering question on how many countries were included in the "Belt and Road" from the journalist at the briefing for Chinese and foreig...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/wjbz_663308/activities_663312/t1455105.shtml  2017.04.18  
     
    On April 18, 2017, Foreign Minister Wang Yi announced at a briefing for Chinese and foreign media held by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the Belt and Road F...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/wjbz_663308/activities_663312/t1455102.shtml  2017.04.18  
     
    ...th sides should speed up the integration of development strategies such as the "Belt and Road" and the "Two Corridors and One Ring", further consolidate the soc...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/wjbz_663308/activities_663312/t1455100.shtml  2017.04.18  
     
    ...ne, focus on advancing cooperation in such areas as joint-constructions of the "Belt and Road" and the "Two Corridors and One Ring", investment, production capa...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/yzs_663350/xwlb_663352/t1455160.shtml  2017.04.17  
     
    ...out practical cooperation under the framework of the joint construction of the “Belt and Road”. China will hold the International Cooperation Summit Forum on th...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xos_664404/xwlb_664406/t1454468.shtml  2017.04.16  
     
    ...o an important cooperation partner of China in Central and Eastern Europe. The "Belt and Road" initiative proposed by President Xi Jinping has received active s...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xos_664404/xwlb_664406/t1454471.shtml  2017.04.14  
     
    ...ted out that China will host the International Cooperation Summit Forum on the “Belt and Road” Initiative from May 14 to 15 this year in Beijing. China regards ...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/dozys_664276/xwlb_664278/t1454100.htm  2017.04.14  
     
    ...oodward, exchanging views on the International Cooperation Summit Forum on the "Belt and Road" Initiative, preparation of the G20 Hamburg Summit and other topic...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xos_664404/gjlb_664408/3371_664802/3373_66480...  2017.04.10  
     
    ...operation. China appreciates Myanmar's active support and participation in the "Belt and Road" initiative, and is willing to, together with Myanmar, enhance the...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/yzs_663350/xwlb_663352/t1453280.shtml  2017.04.10  
     
    ...olitical mutual trust, integrate development strategies, jointly construct the "Belt and Road", enhance people-to-people and cultural exchanges, and consolidate...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/yzs_663350/xwlb_663352/t1453017.shtml  2017.04.08  
     
    ... of Jakarta-Bandung High-speed Railway(JBHR), an important early harvest of the Belt and Road Initiative. The ceremony was attended by Chinese Ambassador to Ind...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1451624.shtml  2017.04.05  
     
    ...ussed the latest development policies of the two countries, especially China's "Belt and Road" and "Made in China 2025", as well as "Thailand's 4.0" and the "Ea...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zygy_663314/gyhd_663338/t1452467.shtml  2017.04.01  
     
    ...e the opportunity of China's development, make good use of the platform as "One Belt and One Road", and China-SEEC Cooperation ("16+1 Cooperation") and fully pr...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1449907.shtml  2017.03.29  
     
    ...ution of the CBBC and its members. Last year, the CBBC issued the China-Britain Belt and Road Case Studies Report and the Report on "Made in China 2025". You al...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1449959.shtml  2017.03.28  
     
    ...ogress in environmental protection and governance. Q: Today, China's official Belt and Road website went online. Could you confirm which foreign leaders will ...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/xwfw_665399/s2510_665401/2511_665403/t1447463.shtml  2017.03.21  
     
    ...request. Both sides exchanged views on China’s cooperation with the ESCAP, the “Belt and Road” initiative, the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustaina...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/wshd_665389/t1448077.shtml  2017.03.21  
     
    ...trialization dream come true. In May this year, China will host in Beijing the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, which aims to discuss ways to...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1445935.shtml  2017.03.15  
     
    ...g to take place in 2017: From 14th to 15th of May, China is going to hold the "Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation" in Beijing, in which Greek Pr...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1445941.shtml  2017.03.13  
     
    ...ith LMC, jointly build the LMC corridor, make LMC an important platform for the Belt and Road initiative, contribute more to the development of Mekong countries...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/xwfw_665399/s2510_665401/2511_665403/t1444983.shtml  2017.03.10  
     
    ... media registration system and the official website of the media center for the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF) will be open on March 10...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/xwfw_665399/s2510_665401/2511_665403/t1443795.shtml  2017.03.07  
     
    ...t Xi Jinping proposed the initiative of jointly building the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road in 2013, which gained active suppor...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zygy_663314/gyhd_663338/t1443383.shtml  2017.03.02  
     
    ...d to expand the rank of professionals strong in innovation. Keeping in mind the Belt and Road Initiative, China will encourage and support Chinese Internet comp...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/jks_665232/kjlc_665236/qtwt_665250/t1442390.s...  2017.03.01  
     
    ...y into regional cooperation. The International Cooperation Summit Forum on the "Belt and Road" Initiative will be held in Beijing this May, which will focus on ...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zygy_663314/gyhd_663338/t1442926.shtml  2017.03.01  
     
    ...nsus reached by leaders of both countries and strengthen cooperation under the "Belt and Road" framework to elevate pragmatic cooperation between both sides to ...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjdt_665385/wshd_665389/t1441288.shtml  2017.02.22  
     
    ...portance to bilateral relations, and is willing to actively participate in the "Belt and Road" initiative, and support the construction of major projects such a...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/yzs_663350/xwlb_663352/t1440957.shtml  2017.02.21  
     
    ...anka relations. Regarding Sri Lanka as an important cooperation partner of the “Belt and Road” initiative, China is willing to comprehensively deepen bilateral ...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/yzs_663350/gjlb_663354/2782_663558/2784_66356...  2017.02.21  
     
    ... momentum of bilateral relations. China has been comprehensively advancing the "Belt and Road" construction, and Maldives is now implementing the economic trans...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zygy_663314/gyhd_663338/t1440550.shtml  2017.02.20  
     
    ...ched important consensus on advancing cooperation in various fields within the "Belt and Road" framework. Maldives is satisfied with the progress of China-Maldi...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zygy_663314/gyhd_663338/t1440548.shtml  2017.02.20  
     
    On February 17, 2017, Assistant Foreign Minister Liu Haixing attended the Czech Year on Belt and Road Opening Ceremony held by the Czech Embassy in China at in...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/xos_664404/gjlb_664408/3160_664490/3162_66449...  2017.02.20  
     
    ...italization and become an inseparable community. That is why the Initiative of "Belt and Road", put forward by Chinese President Xi Jinping, has won warm respon...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1441302.shtml  2017.02.19  
     
    ...s great importance to developing its relations with China and supports China's "Belt and Road" initiative. He expects to push bilateral relations for constant d...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zygy_663314/gyhd_663338/t1439856.shtml  2017.02.17  
     
    ...and technological capabilities and especially the steady advancement of the One Belt and One Road Initiative, Chinese enterprises have remarkably fastened their...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1439328.shtml  2017.02.17  
     
    ...ures including Mayor of capital city to inspect Chinese market, publicized "One Belt One Road" strategy, "16+1"cooperation and opportunity for international cap...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1439143.shtml  2017.02.11  
     
    ...sident Xi Jinping announced last month in Davos that China is going to host the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in May this year. He also said...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1435384.shtml  2017.02.01  
     
    ...come an important force to advance globalization. China will jointly build the "Belt and Road" with Middle East countries, so as to contribute to the integratio...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zygy_663314/gyhd_663338/t1435676.shtml  2017.01.25  
     
    ... Xi Jinping announced an important agenda for 2017. China is going to host the "Belt and Road" Forum for International Cooperation in May. · I hope that in the ...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1433233.shtml  2017.01.23  
     
    ...oad for friendship, and for mutual learning among different civilizations. 'The Belt and Road' initiative China put forward three years ago, which covers five a...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1432844.shtml  2017.01.23  
     
    ...learning among different civilizations. Three years ago, China put forward "the Belt and Road" initiative, which has wakened up the vigor of the ancient Silk Ro...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zwjg_665342/zwbd_665378/t1432838.shtml  2017.01.23  
     
    ...el to Beijing in May for a high-level forum on international cooperation of the Belt and Road initiative and looks forward to having another meeting with Presid...
    http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/xwfw_665399/s2510_665401/t1431978.shtml  2017.01.19  

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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    xChina’s “new Silk Road” initiative aims to link the economies of Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa—but Beijing would really like the US to get on board.

    Also called “One Belt, One Road” (OBOR), the initiative involves expensive infrastructure projects—led by Chinese state-owned companies—in dozens of nations. The US has much to offer, and as part of a trade deal (paywall) with China announced last week, the Trump administration agreed to send one of its top Asia experts, Matthew Pottinger, a National Security Council official, to a two-day OBOR summit just completed in Beijing.

    His presence amounted to a nod from the US. Recent pieces in China’s state-controlled media hint at why that’s so important to Beijing:

    “Under the current international framework, the US is leading international organizations like the United Nations, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund,” read a commentary (link in Chinese) in Xiakedao, a WeChat account run by the People’s Daily. “This is like a date, when a girl says yes to dinner and a movie—there will be further development possibilities.”

    It goes on:

    “It’s estimated that $1.7 trillion would be required for annual infrastructure investments on nations involved in OBOR, but the three [funding] institutions involved—the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the New Development Bank, and the Silk Road Fund—only have capital totaling $240 billion. The US can help advocate OBOR in key fundraising areas.”

    The US can also help deal with “security and geopolitical challenges” in the implementation of OBOR, noted a commentary in the Global Times. For instance, India has some issues with the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, an OBOR land-corridor project (with a $46 billion investment from China) that partially runs through contested territory in Kashmir.

    The commentary said:

    “Washington’s participation in the Belt and Road initiative will have knock-on effects, encouraging its allies to see the initiative from a more rational and objective perspective, and thus help win Beijing and its infrastructure projects more international understanding and influence.”

    The US economy will also benefit from OBOR, suggested Chinese state media.

    The US should be “a stakeholder in the initiative,” read a column in the Global Times, as joining it would “deliver benefits to American companies and help increase job opportunities within the country.”

    America “has a lot to gain by participating in the Belt and Road,” said an opinion piece in the People’s Daily. It should “embrace China’s progress in regional integration and seize the opportunity.”

    The presence of Pottinger no doubt cheered Beijing, which had difficulty luring top leaders to the summit—of the 64 OBOR nations that could have sent their heads of state, only 20 chose to do so.

     


     

    Read next: Your guide to understanding OBOR, China’s new Silk Road plan

    https://qz.com/author/echohuang92/ 

    .